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Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from seven OECD countries

By Stephen Machin and John Van Reenen

Abstract

This paper compares the changing skill structure of wage bills and employment in the United States with six other OECD countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom). We investigate whether a directly observed measure of technical change (R&D intensity) is closely linked to the growth in the importance of more highly skilled workers which has occurred in all countries. Evidence of a significant association between skill upgrading and R&D intensity is uncovered in all seven countries. These results provide evidence that skill-biased technical change is an international phenomenon that has had a clear effect of increasing the relative demand for skilled workers

Topics: HD Industries. Land use. Labor, T Technology (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1162/003355398555883
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:1502
Provided by: LSE Research Online
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