(1991). a more critical social psychology has developed (Billig,
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(1956). As the present chapter concerns Katz's work rather than offering an account of his career, I here summarize the latter: PhD
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(1989). criticizes The Export of Meaning for creating the straw person -- the passive, tabula rasa of mass audiences --against which the active viewer concept is seen as progress: who, he asks, as does Morley
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In an article on political communication, Katz (1971b, p.304) argues that 'election campaigns, for all their faults, may be the major learning experience of democratic polities. They deserve, therefore, to be better designed'.
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(1978). Lazarsfeld was relatively uninterested in mass communications, simply using media research to develop new social science methodologies
(1978). Looking for trouble.
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(1989). On the critical abilities of television viewers.
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(1962). On the use of the mass media as 'escape': Clarification of a concept.
(1973). On the use of the mass media for important things.
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(1990). Research on audience resistance offers 'recovery from the excesses of manipulation models of Frankfurt inspiration'
(1985). Review of Inside Prime Time,
(1955). reviews solutions 'to the problem of how to take account of interpersonal relations in the traditional design of survey research' (p.61), and locates the Decatur study (Katz and Lazarsfeld,
(1990). See discussions in Livingstone
(1980). See for example, Morley's introduction to The Nationwide Audience
(1983). see the special issues, 'Ferment in the Field',
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(1992). suggests that the recent administrative versus critical debate (as in the Journal of Communication,
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(1983). The return of the humanities and sociology.
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(1986). The uses and dependency model of mass communication.
(1979). The uses of
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(1982). Toward transformation in social knowledge.
(1972). Traditional and critical theory.
(1963). Traditions of research on the diffusion of innovation.
(1994). Twenty years of television in Israel: Are there long-run effects on values and cultural practices? Manuscript. -- replicates the leisure survey of Katz and Gurevitch
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