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Integrated control of gastrointestinal nematodes in lambs\ud using a bioactive feed x breed approach

By S. Werne, A. Isensee, V. Maurer, E. Perler, A. Drewek and F. Heckendorn

Abstract

Forages rich in condensed tannins have repeatedly shown potential to reduce gastrointestinal nematode infection in sheep. Similarly, several breeds of sheep have shown a relative resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN). We hypothesised that additive or even synergic effects may arise from the combination of a relatively resistant breed and a diet rich in condensed tannins. In study I, 160 lambs of the native Red Engadine Sheep (RES) and 113 lambs of the Swiss White Alpine sheep (SWA) were artificially infected with GIN and subsequently grazed for 52 days. The lambs were then distributed to 2 groups for a 14-day experimental feeding period. One group received a diet with a proportion of 55% sainfoin and was compared to a control group on the basis of faecal egg counts (FEC). In study II, 25 RES and 27 SWA lambs grazed infectious pastures for 37 days and were subsequently fed for 13 consecutive days with approximately 100% sainfoin or control forage. In addition to the FEC determination at the start and the end of the experimental feeding, the 52 lambs in study II were slaughtered and necropsied to determine their worm burden. FEC at the end of the feeding period were significantly lower in sainfoin fed lambs compared to controls in study I (p < 0.001) as well as in study II (p = 0.012). Breed, animal age, live weight, sex and the interaction of breed and treatment did not affect FEC in either study.\ud The main nematode genera found in the sacrificed lambs of study II were Haemonchus spp., Teladorsagia spp., Nematodirus spp. and Trichostrongylus spp. Overall, RES had a significantly lower Haemonchus spp. (p = 0.035) and Trichostrongylus spp. (p = 0.003) worm burden compared to SWA. Regardless of breed, sainfoin feeding significantly reduced Teladorsagia spp. (p = 0.049) and Nematodirus spp. (p < 0.001) worm burden. Although, we could not demonstrate additive or synergic effects when using an integrated breed x sainfoin approach, the finding that a proportion of only 55% sainfoin in the diet led to a lower FEC compared to controls is important with respect to the implementation on producing farms.\ud © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Topics: Sheep and goats, Health and welfare
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:orgprints.org:25223
Provided by: Organic Eprints
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