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The London Institution, 1805-1933

By Janet Catherine Cutler

Abstract

This study is an account and analysis of the activities and fortunes of the London Institution from its foundation in 1805 to its final closure in 1933.\ud The Institution, modelled on the Royal Institution, began in 1805 with over £80,000 and a proprietary mainly engaged in trade or commerce. Premises were leased in Old Jewry and later, in 1811, premises were purchased in King's Arms Yard but were found to be unsuitable. Eventually, the managers decided to have a mansion specially built in Finsbury Circus. This was designed by William Brooks, erected by Thomas Cubitt and opened in 1819.\ud Before 1819 no lectures were given nor laboratory work carried out as no suitable accommodation was available. However, a large collection of books was acquired which formed the basis of the Institution's library. Much later, a popular circulating library was added.\ud In 1819, the theatre was opened and lectures commenced. At first, there were courses of lectures intended to give instruction in various subjects but later they were replaced by single lectures as entertainment.\ud It was not until 1841 that W. R. Grove was appointed to work in the laboratory. Scientific work had a patchy career at the Institution before being discontinued in 1884 after H. E. Armstrong resigned.\ud By the 1890s, large sums of money had been spent on repairing the building and the Institution was heavily mortgaged. The managers sought solutions to the problem but after the Royal Commission on University Education in London reported in 1912, the premises were taken over for the School of Oriental Studies. Some proprietors and subscribers remained as continuing members but the Institution closed in 1933 when the School moved to Bloomsbury

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1976
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/9884

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  100. Mudie's Circulating Library and the Victorian Novel.
  101. nndo - On Vegetable Chemistry -
  102. nos. 12/121/2 1912-1937 Transfer of Institution buildings by Act of 1912 to the Commissioners of Works. Subsequent works and maintenance.
  103. Of Lamb's Conduit St. No
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  105. On 'the-Varieties of Subet noes used as Food by the Human Race.
  106. On anufactures and Construction (On the Manufacture of Hempden and Wire Rope) - 1. (This should have been a course of 4 lectures, but Cowper died before its completion. Lectures by Rrayley and Hawkins were substituted.
  107. On Astronomy -
  108. On Certain Microscopic Or nnisu, their Genesis and t'lork in the World.
  109. On Chemistry as connected with the Arts
  110. On Elementary Botany, with special reference to the classification of plants -
  111. On Gravitation and the Tides -
  112. On His Ascents in a Balloon to a Greater Elevation. than had been previously attained. 1863-- 64.
  113. On Igneous Meteors and Meteorites
  114. On Involuntary Movements Resulting from Mental Stites -
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  119. On the Antiquities of the Ancient World -
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  123. On the Fffeots of the Total Eclipse of the Sun
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  127. On the Nutritive and. Mechanical Punctiona - 6. 342" Lectures,
  128. On the Physical Pecularities of the Cape of
  129. On the Shapes of Leaves
  130. On the Source of Power which is Utilised in the Practical Application of Voltaic
  131. On the Stereoscope and Binocular Perspective and Their Application to Photography, Drawing and Painting.
  132. Original of the Royal Institution'
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  140. Patronage, and the Politics of Science. The founding of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. '
  141. Pearce - The Songs of Schubert and Schumarnn. (Ilxus) Roger E. Fry - The Art of Piero di Cosimo. (Illus) 1203--nnilio Olsson
  142. Personal Impressions of America. "
  143. Plan and bye-laws of the Institution, with a lip t of the nronrietors and life-subscriber. London, printed by Phillips,
  144. Power of Modifying External Nature. G: Rolleston - The Fauna and Flora of Prehistoric Periods. E. Beckett - The Leaning and Origin of Laws of Nature.
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  146. (1974). Prosopography as a Research Tool
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  148. (1900). Random Recollections of an Old
  149. (1900). Recently Discovered Gases of the Atmosphere. (I11us) V1. Benham - St. Alban'a Abbey. 1899 -
  150. Relation of Ants to
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  154. (1878). Roll of the Royal College of Physicians.
  155. Russell Institution: A Catalogue of the Library of the Russell Institution.
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  157. (1974). Science in the City: the London Institution, 1819-1840. '
  158. (1968). Scientific London. London, 1874 (Cass reprint,
  159. (1961). Sir William Robert Grove and the Origins of the Fuel Cell.
  160. Skertchly - The Scientific Study of Man - 6. I. The Animal -
  161. (1813). SL50/2 A catalogue of the library. with supplement.
  162. (1928). Society of Bookmen, Report of the Commercial Circulating Libraries Sub-Committee.
  163. Sparrow Simpson - The Anthem. Robert Kerr.
  164. Spottiswoode - The Polarization of
  165. Spurzheim - On Phrenology -
  166. (1973). Tale of Disputed Priorities. ' Gold Bulletin.
  167. (1912). The 4wic of India. (Illun
  168. (1971). The Anatomy of a Scientific Institution.
  169. (1912). The Art of Aviation.. (lantern slides
  170. (1931). The Bank of England from
  171. The Bank of FhRland from Within; Annual Biography
  172. (1958). The Banks Letters.
  173. (1964). The City of London College, An Historical Account of the College from its Foundation to the Present Day.
  174. The Complete Peerage of England,
  175. (1951). The Correspondence of David Scott, Director and Chairman of the East India Company, relating to Indian Affairs,
  176. (1907). The Earl of Lytton - Leaders of Men. George Simonds Boulder - Across the Andes of Peru.
  177. The Early History of Gold Plating.
  178. The Early Years of the Royal Institution: A Re-evaluation.
  179. (1940). The East India Company.
  180. The Evolution of Reptiles. Walter Gardiner. - How Plants Protect Thews elves. Andrew Lang - The Wanderings of Puss in
  181. (1907). the Geological Society,
  182. The Geology of the Carboniferous Period and the Formation of Coal -
  183. The Gresham Repertory, 1806-1836,1905-1909. 8. At the Royal Institution, London. Lecture programtte and syllabuses.
  184. The Growth of Crystals in Rocks. Henry Power - Recent Works on Moulds
  185. (1969). The History of Photogrý ar phy. (Revised and enlarged edition)
  186. (1916). The History of the Geological Society of London.
  187. (1969). The Hunterian Society,
  188. (1816). The Inaugural Oration, spoken on the 4th day of November 1815, at the ceremony of laying the first-stone of the London Institution, for the diffusion of Science and Literature.
  189. (1963). The Lunar Society of
  190. (1740). The Mathematical Practitioners of Hanoverian England,
  191. The Most Celebrated Composers for the Piano since 1830.
  192. (1884). The Musical Dramas of Richard Wagner (illustrated). 377" Lectures.
  193. The Present and Future, of Poetry in England. 1894 - 95. Hubert Herkomer - Sight
  194. (1950). The Quakers In Science and Industry.
  195. the Radiometer. 369. lectures, 1877 - 78 (cont'd)
  196. (1760). The Reign of George I,
  197. The Relation of the Artist to his
  198. (1948). The Royal Institution. Revised edn.
  199. The Royal Society of Arts,
  200. (1967). The School of Oriental and African Studies,
  201. (1922). The Soul's Dispensary: the Early Years of the London Library. ' The Nineteenth Century and After.
  202. The winey Lectures were endowed by George Swaney (1786? - 1844 a notable eccentric. He left £5,000 for the delivery of lectures on geology, the lectures to be an
  203. The Women of Ancient Greece. (Illustrated) B. Bowdler Sharpe - Birds, Ancient and Modern. (Illustrated) Carl Armbruster - Two Remarkable Sorte Vriters. (Illustrated)
  204. (1971). Thomas Cubitt,
  205. Tide: The Romance of Modern Science
  206. Transformations of Insects. 1866 - 67. Fleeming Jenkin - On the Atlantic Telegraph Cables and on the Prospects of Electric Telegraphy
  207. Ty1or - The Philosophy of
  208. utaon imiDrovements required in the administration of the Institution,
  209. William Thomas Brande, Leather Expert. '
  210. (1826). with the rules and regulations for the government of the Institution.
  211. Year Amotmt paid To whom paid 1857-8
  212. Year Amount paid To whom paid 1877-8
  213. (1895). Year Amount paid To whom Year Amount paid paid 1886-7 £235
  214. ymott Tidy - What is a Poison? Ernst Pauer - Originality in Music (illustrated) Norman Lockger - On the Orientation of Some Ancient temples. 1891 -
  215. (1911). Zhe London Institution(Trannfer)

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