Metadata only entryThe late Iron Age and Roman period saw the creation of settlements not primarily involved in agricultural production, and this development is linked to an expansion of agriculture. We identify several different types of expansion, each leaving a distinct archaeological imprint. Both the process of adoption or rejection of new strategies and the choice of strategy are directly influenced by factors such as availability of land and labour and the social position of the farmer. The growing regionalisation of the country during the period concerned reflects variations in these factors across the country. We suggest that the identification and analysis of this regional diversity should be a key area for research during the next ten years, and that environmental archaeology needs to apply an analytical and explanatory approach to this problem while, at the same time, becoming more embedded within explanatory frameworks for social change
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