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Still a 'Spanish Red'? The communist past and national identity in the writing of Jorge Semprún

By Stephen G. Hopkins


This is the author's final submitted draft of the paper published as Twentieth Century Communism, 2011, 3, pp. 70-91. The final version is available from This paper appears in the LRA with the permission of Lawrence & Wishart

Publisher: Lawrence & Wishart
Year: 2011
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1980). Communism in Spain in the Franco Era: The Autobiography of Federico Sanchez,
  2. Crises of Memory and the Second World War, doi
  3. (2001). Cuanto más escribo, más me queda por decir”: Memory, Trauma and Writing in the Work of Jorge Semprún’, doi
  4. L’Espoir was published in English as Days of Hope,
  5. Le Mort qu’il faut, doi
  6. Literature or Life, doi
  7. (1995). Mal et Modernité: suivi de ‘…Vous avez une tombe au creux des nuages…’, Marseille: Editions Climat,
  8. Sanchez vous salue bien,
  9. Sanchez vous salue bien, p13. Still a ‘Spanish Red’? 91
  10. Semprún recounted how he had been interviewed, or vetted, by one of the
  11. Semprún uses this term to describe his relationship to the Spanish language after his exile, but it is equally applicable to the civil war; see Le Mort qu’il faut,
  12. (1989). Shifting Ground: Spanish Civil War Exile Literature, doi
  13. The Cattle Truck,
  14. The Second Death of Ramón Mercader,
  15. (1973). The Second Death of Ramón Mercader, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson,
  16. (1993). This experience is recounted in Semprún’s book, Federico Sanchez vous salue bien, Paris: Grasset et Fasquelle,
  17. (2009). Une autobiographie interminable”: Jorge Semprun’, doi
  18. What A Beautiful Sunday! p17. This sentence was written in 1980, before the Communist Party did effectively die.
  19. What A Beautiful Sunday!,
  20. What A Beautiful Sunday!, p140. See also pp24-7 for details of the Frank trial, and Kiss, “Une autobiographie interminable: Jorge Semprun”,

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