This thesis describes both round-pore microchannel plates (MCPs) used in energetic pho¬ton and particle detectors and their square-pore offspring, micropore optics (MPOs), used to focus x-rays.\ud A Monte Carlo electron raytracing software package is described that is used to predict the energy and angular distribution of electrons (EDOE and ADOE) in a microchannel electron multiplier's output charge cloud, including saturated operation. The model is shown to agree with experimental evidence. The addition of a micromachined electrostatic lens to the end of a microchannel is modelled and found to have no beneficial effects upon the EDOE and ADOE of the channel.\ud The current state of the art planar and slumped 'lobster eye' square-packed MPOs are evaluated. The best focus (5' FWHM) from a large format (61mm x 56mm), small chan¬nel (10μm side length) planar MPO is reported, together with the observation of high energy (~50keV →65keV) x-ray focusing from large (500:1) aspect ratio channels. The\ud alignment of many small lobster eye MPOs to create a large optic for the Lobster-ISS instrument is discussed and the alignment jig constructed for this purpose is used to measure the bias angles of a Lobster specification MPO. The bias angle is found to be 4 ± 1.5'.\ud The concept of the microchannel conic approximation to the Wolter type I and II x- ray lenses is reviewed. A radially-packed twin MPO Wolter approximation is then tested, which while of poor quality, demonstrates true Wolter II imaging with a peak gain greater than unity.\ud Currently proposed (UK) astronomical instruments that employ MPOs are then discussed in the light of the results from the current generation of MPOs
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.