Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

This Is England: Class, Culture, and Ethnicity across Non-Metropolitan Spaces

By Richard Andrew Courtney

Abstract

This thesis is an empirical study of Thurrock, Essex. The research explored the settlement of Black-British Nigerians within the area and the response by the white majority. The research consisted of an extensive ethnographic enquiry that included a content analysis of local media, qualitative interviews and observations. The methodology re-introduced and embraced value as it provided a sociological analysis of political normativity; particularly in definitions and judgements of racism. The methodology vindicated qualitative technique as a pragmatic strategy to explore issues under the radar of public knowledge.\ud The main findings were that white interviewees responded to the new community with a defensive retort of English Identity. The construction of this identity was used to critique social capital theory and its role in community renewal discourse embodied in public policy. English identity was an attempt to use racial and ethnic discourses of commonality to fuse conventional narratives of land and people. The ascendant aspirations of Englishness were used to criticise political and academic vindications of white working class voices opposed to multi-culturalism. Ultimately, the study is a rebuttal of Dench et al’s (2006) study of ‘The New East’. Using Thurrock as a local example the research argues that public policy should avoid the ‘community solidarity’ model espoused by Dench et al when promoting community renewal. The conclusions of Dench et al are argued to be based upon an invalid conceptualisation of social class and are antithetical to wider inclusive and re-distributive politics. The study concludes by arguing that community renewal should reflect the multiplicity and fluidity of English places and people by enforcing a double bind of responsibility between the State and community. It is argued that a more sincere and pragmatic approach to public/private relations is required if Englishness is to be detached from a racial and colonial past

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/8416

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1991). (2nd Ed), Imagined Communities: Reflections of the Origin and Spread of Nationalism,
  2. (2003). (3rd Ed), Race and Racism in
  3. (1997). (Ed), Contested Communities: Experiences,
  4. (1997). (Ed), Displacing Whiteness: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism,
  5. (1997). (ed), Living in the Global City: Globalisation as a Local Process,
  6. (1987). (Ed), Representations: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices,
  7. (2001). (Eds), Education for Citizenship,
  8. (1999). (Eds), Race, Identity and Citizenship: A Reader,
  9. (2002). (Eds), Social Differences and Divisions,
  10. (1986). (Eds), Theories of Race and Ethnic Relations,
  11. (2000). (Eds), Theories of Race and Racism: A Reader,
  12. (1981). [1954] (3rd Ed), Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum,
  13. (1990). [1967], The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life,
  14. (1996). [1989], The Germans:
  15. (1978). A nation is a nation, is a state, is an ethnic group, is a…,
  16. (2006). A nation that dares not speak its name? The English question, In: Ethnicities,
  17. (2000). A Phenomenology of Working Class Experience,
  18. (2006). A reply to Eric Kaufmann, In: Ethnicities,
  19. (1969). A Study of the Effects of the Building of Tilbury Docks and the People of the District and the District Itself, Unknown M.A. Thesis: Thurrock Library.
  20. (2004). A white side of black Britain: the concept of racial literacy,
  21. (1992). About and beyond the ‘underclass’: some notes on influences of social climate on British Sociology today,
  22. (2007). Against narrative: a preface to lyrical sociology,
  23. (2002). An idea of community and its discontents: towards a reflexive sense of belonging in multi-cultural
  24. (2005). Are all communities in the mind? In: The Sociological Review,
  25. (2001). Badfellas: Crime, Tradition, and New Masculinities,
  26. (2005). Beyond consciousness: The psychic landscape of social class,
  27. (1986). Black Skins,
  28. (1991). Boldly from the Marshes: A History of Thurrock and its People, Thurrock: Thurrock Council and Thurrock Museum.
  29. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community,
  30. (2001). Bricks, mortar, and memories: neighbourhoods and networks in collective acts of remembering, In:
  31. (1996). Brown skinned white girls: class, culture and the construction of white identity in suburban communities, In: Gender, Place and Culture:
  32. (2006). Challenging Local Communities to Change Oldham, Institute of Community Cohesion:
  33. (2002). Christianity, Englishness and the southern English countryside: a study of the work of H.J.
  34. (2000). Class Analysis and Social Transformation,
  35. (1998). Class and Stratification: An Introduction to Current Debates 2nd Edition,
  36. (1989). Clichés of Urban Doom and Other Essays,
  37. (1969). Coal is Our Life: An Analysis of a Yorkshire Mining Community,
  38. (2001). Community Cohesion: A Report of the Independent Review Team, The Home Office.
  39. (1989). Community Initiatives: Patterns and Prospects,
  40. (1994). Community Life: An Introduction to Local Social Relations,
  41. (1971). Community Studies: An Introduction to the Sociology of Local Community,
  42. (2004). Community, cohesion and the state, In:
  43. (2005). Community, mobility and racism in a semi-rural area: comparing minority experience in East kent,
  44. (2001). Community: Seeking Safety in an Insecure World,
  45. (1997). Contested Communities, In: Hoggett, P.,
  46. (1990). Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture,
  47. (2001). Culture & Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism,
  48. (1998). Democracy and Civil Society, Revised Edition,
  49. (2000). Developing sociological arguments through community studies, In:
  50. (1984). Divisions of Labour,
  51. (1988). Doing the Business: Entrepreneurship, the Working Class, and Detectives in the East End of London,
  52. (1990). Education, Racism and Reform,
  53. (2006). English identity and ethnic diversity in the context of UK constitutional change, In: Ethnicities,
  54. (2007). Ethnic ties: social capital and the question of mobilisability, In:
  55. (1986). Ethnicity and the boundary process in context, In:
  56. (2003). Ethnicity, ‘status groups’ and racialisation: a contribution to a debate on national identity in Britain, In:
  57. (1998). Evaluating diaspora: beyond ethnicity?
  58. (2004). Examining the success of the BNP 1999–2003, In:
  59. (1997). Formations of Class and Gender: Becoming Respectable,
  60. (1997). Geography, ‘race’ and whiteness: invisible traditions and current challenges,
  61. (1999). Globalisation and Culture,
  62. (1996). Globalisation and the Politics of Place: place and identity in an inner London neighbourhood, In:
  63. (1998). Globalisation: The Human Consequences,
  64. (2004). Having a laugh and mucking in together": using social capital to explore dynamics between structure and agency in the context of declining and regenerated neighbourhoods, In: Sociology;
  65. (2007). How does the nation become pluralist? In: Ethnicities,
  66. (1998). How the British working class became white: the symbolic (re)formation of racialised capitalism, In:
  67. (1991). How to Lie With Statistics,
  68. (1997). I’m white! So what?”: The construction of whiteness for young Londoners,
  69. (1991). In the Field: An Introduction to Field research 2nd Edition,
  70. (1983). Inside the British Police: A Force at Work,
  71. (1989). Is the emperor naked? Some questions on the adequacy of sociological theory in urban and regional research: In,
  72. (1997). Keeping the white queen in play, In:
  73. (1980). Labour and Racism,
  74. (1997). Labouring under whiteness,
  75. (1977). Learning to Labour: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs,
  76. (2005). Local community on trial, In:
  77. (1999). Marxism, racism and ethnicity,
  78. (1994). Methods, Sex and Madness,
  79. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity,
  80. (1998). Narrative analysis or why (and how) sociologists should be interested in narrative, In: Annual Review of Sociology,
  81. (1966). Nationalism and social communication,
  82. (1983). Nations and Nationalism,
  83. (1999). Neighbourhood Images in East London: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  84. (1996). New Ethnicities and Urban Culture: Racism and Multi-Culture in Young Lives,
  85. (2006). New Labour and community protests: the case of the Govanhill swimming pool campaign in Glasgow, In: Local Economy,
  86. (2002). New Labour’s white heart: politics, multi-culturalism and the return of assimilation, In:
  87. (2001). Ordinary, ambivalent and defensive: class identities in the north-west of England, In: Sociology,
  88. (2002). Practical Social Investigation: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods
  89. (1963). Primordial and civic ties,
  90. (1986). Quest for Excitement: Sport and Leisure in the Civilising Process,
  91. (1998). Race ends here, In: Ethnic
  92. (2004). Race, social cohesion and the changing politics of citizenship, In: London Review of Education,
  93. (2002). Race’, power and knowledge,
  94. (2002). Race’, racism and ethnicity: a response to Ken Smith, In: Sociology,
  95. (2006). Race’, space and place,
  96. (1994). Racial Formation in the United States: From 1960s to the 1990s,
  97. (1987). Racial Theories, Cambridge:
  98. (1997). Re-examining “a moment in history”: loss of privilege insider white working class masculinity in the 1990s,
  99. (2008). Real England: A Battle Against the
  100. (1995). Realist Social Theory: The Morphogenetic Approach,
  101. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches,
  102. (1998). Rethinking social divisions: some notes of a theoretical framework, In: The Sociological Review,
  103. (2005). Rethinking the Politics of Social Capital: Challenging Tocquvillian Perspectives,
  104. (2008). Review article: White Studies revisited, In:
  105. (1958). Roles in sociological field observation, In:
  106. (2006). Seeing whiteness through the blizzard: issues in research on white communities, In:
  107. (2002). Social Capital: A Theory of Structure and Agency, Cambridge:
  108. (2002). Some critical observations on the use of the concept of ‘ethnicity’ in Modood et al’s,
  109. (1986). Squaddies: Portrait of a Sub-Culture,
  110. (2005). Start With People: How Community Organisations Put Citizens in the Driving Seat,
  111. (2007). Super-diversity and its implications, In: Ethnic
  112. (1992). Talking of the Royal Family,
  113. (1958). The Black-Coated Worker: A Study in Class Consciousness,
  114. (2005). The business of apocalypse: Robert Putnam and diversity,
  115. (2006). The Civic Sphere,
  116. (2000). The Civilizing Process: Socio-genetic and Psycho-genetic Investigations, Revised Edition,
  117. (1997). The Company She Keeps: An Ethnography of Girls’ Friendships,
  118. (2001). The concept of ‘social division’ and theorising social stratification: looking at ethnicity and class,
  119. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity,
  120. (2000). The cosmopolitan perspective: sociology of the second age of modernity, In:
  121. (2002). The cosmopolitan society and its enemies,
  122. (1981). The crisis of dual legitimation,
  123. (1996). The Death of Class,
  124. (1970). The Development of the Docks at Tilbury and their impact on the surrounding area, Thesis, Christ Church College,
  125. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research,
  126. (1976). The Dockers: Class and Tradition in
  127. (2006). The dominant ethnic moment: towards the abolition of ‘whiteness’?
  128. (1988). The Enchanted Glass: Britain and its Monarchy,
  129. (1965). The Established and Outsiders,
  130. (2000). The Ethnographic Imagination,
  131. (1997). The forms of social capital, In:
  132. (1988). The Free Economy and the Strong State: the Politics of Thatcherism,
  133. (2000). The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain:
  134. (2008). The future of whiteness: a map of the third wave,
  135. (2002). The Identity of England,
  136. (1977). The Local State: Management of Cities and People,
  137. (1987). The Logic of Racism,
  138. (2005). The making of class and gender through visualising moral subject formation,
  139. (2003). The Making of English National Identity,
  140. (2006). The maladies of social capital 1: The missing ‘capital’ in theories of social capital,
  141. (2000). The matter of whiteness, In:
  142. (1969). The myth of community studies, In:
  143. (1983). The nation as invented tradition,
  144. (1985). The Nation-State and Violence,
  145. (2006). The New East End: Kinship, Race and Conflict,
  146. (1983). The Problem of Sociology,
  147. (1996). The Professional Stranger: An Informal Introduction to Ethnography,
  148. (2002). The Racial State,
  149. (2004). The rise and fall of whiteness studies,
  150. (1996). The Rise of the Network Society, Vol 1 The Information Age,
  151. (1992). The Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity,
  152. (2004). The same old story? Englishness, the tabloid press, and the
  153. (1972). The Social Construction of Communities,
  154. (1971). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge,
  155. (1993). The Social Construction of Whiteness: White Women,
  156. (2004). The suburban origins of ‘color-blind’ conservatism, In:
  157. (2005). The translocation of culture: ‘community cohesion’ and the force of multiculturalism in history, In: The Sociological Review,
  158. (2007). The trouble with David Goodhart’s Britain, In:
  159. (2003). Theories of Social Remembering,
  160. (1987). There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack,
  161. (1997). Travelling Beyond Local Cultures: Socio-scapes in a global city,
  162. (2005). Unpacking ‘class ambivalence’: some conceptual and methodological issues in assessing class cultures, In: Sociology,
  163. (2003). Unruly strangers? The
  164. (2006). Vernacular Cosmopolitanism, In: Theory, Culture,
  165. (1957). Village on the Border: A Social Study of Religion, Politics and Football in a North Wales Community,
  166. (2007). We need human rights not nationalism ‘lite’: globalisation and British solidarity,
  167. (2005). White Backlash and the Politics of Multi-Culturalism,
  168. (2000). White Identities: Historical and International Perspectives,
  169. (2006). White Lives, The Interplay of ‘race’, class and gender in everyday life,
  170. (2000). Who Do We Think We Are? Imagining the
  171. (1967). Whose side are we on? In:

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.