Location of Repository

Investigation of changes in personal construing in members of three psychotherapy groups and the relationship between these changes and affective expression within group sessions

By Hugh Christopher Hanns Koch


A review of Group Psychology and Training Group Literature provides a set of recommendations concerning research design in terms of outcome and process. The recommendations included repeated study of one type of therapy criteria. The research programme was designed to study three group-analytic psychotherapy groups of nine-months duration for interpersonally disturbed adult out-patients. A total of twenty patients were treated in three treatment groups.\ud Outcome criteria varied from nomothetic (i.e. psychopathology and interpersonal functioning) to idiographic (i.e. repertory grid measures of personal construing). The grid measures were abstracted from a form of repertory grid described by Watson (1970) as a method of studying groups, with reference to two construct sub-systems: group- and family-construing. Measures abstracted were Self-Esteem, Identification with Therapist, Group Member and Parent.\ud Perceived similarity between parental figures and group members (i.e. a measure of one type of transference) was also assessed. Appropriate controls for test-taking and non-problem oriented discussion were included. In the second and third treatment groups, affective expression within treatment sessions was measured using the Process Analysis Scoring System (PASS) described by Gibbard & Harman (1973). The source of data was tape recordings of each session which was then scored by the Therapist and a team of scorers trained in this system.\ud The aims of the three studies were, firstly to conduct an evaluation of one treatment modality namely, group-analystic psychotherapy; secondly, to monitor changes on two variables, Self-Esteem and Subjective Anxiety, throughout the duration of the groups and thirdly, to relate these changes to changes in other self-perceptual variables and also to affective expression within the treatment groups.\ud The outcome data indicated significant improvement in each of the three treatment groups but not in either control group. Relative outcome between individuals and process relationships (individual and group data) across time were studied using correlational analysis and Multiple Regression Analysis both within and across treatment groups. Results were consonant with Yalom's (1970) curative factors and Malan's (1979) resolution of triangle of conflict. Finally, a model for further evaluation of group psychotherapy process and outcome was outlined developing personal-construct methodology within a group setting. Modification of group-analytic psychotherapeutic technique was also discussed

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1980
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/7539

Suggested articles



  1. (1966). (i S)66) . doi
  2. (1970). 0 951 ) The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. University of minnesota. Press, doi
  3. (1979). 0970) Comparison of' three methods of' faciJitating , encounter groups.
  4. (1971). 0970) Theory and r-ractice of Croup psychotherapy.
  5. (1967). 0973) Effects of fecdback on sell' identity in group therapy.
  6. (1965). 0973) Group Psychotherapy Penguin Books.
  7. (1965). 0975) Use of psychotherapy with dyirg
  8. (1961). 383 -MARL G-k- W956) Disturbances and silences in the patient's speech in psychotherapy.
  9. (1973). 71,0979) Behaviour Therapy: Toward an applied clinical science,
  10. 77) Group psychotheralrY outcome
  11. (1960). 9 WEIrIGARTEil E. t huLIAVD J. Lof SiU. DERZi H. I STLX:
  12. (1964). A 5-ycar follow-up of 100 neurotic outpatients.
  13. (1954). A case study in a behaviourai analysis of psychotherapy.
  14. (1968). A comparison of operant conditioning and reciprocal inhibition in systematic cesensitisation.
  15. (1972). A II(Y-10-ILAT' S.
  16. (1952). A measure of' relation determined by both mean differerce and profile inf'ormAti.
  17. (1970). A repertory grid method of studying groups.
  18. (1937). A statistical evaluation of psych otherapeui ic methods, in concepts ard problems in psychotherapy (Fd. Hin31e L. ) Columbia University Preso.
  19. (1973). Alternative Helping Systems,
  20. (1975). An assertiveness inventory for adults.
  21. (1960). behaviour Therapy and the Neuroses. New York.
  22. (1076). Biometrics Unit,
  23. (1978). Brief psychotherapy. In
  24. (1975). BXfect of irrational beliefs on emotional arousal.
  25. (1971). C11, EAz3hT 1,1. A. (iý60) Aspects of extra- and intro-puritive expression of' mental illness.
  26. (1957). Changes in adjustment of institutionalised female defectives following group psychotherapy*
  27. (1971). Classiftcation of' depressed patients.
  28. (1954). Comparative Effectiveress of' individual Psychotherapy, Group therapy and Combination.
  29. (1972). comparison of effects of Group Therapy.
  30. (1962). Depth analysis of or'ganisatior. al life. California 'Llanage-aent review
  31. (1965). Developmertal se7uerce in small. eroups,
  32. (1967). Drug therapy with or without group discussion.
  33. (1974). Effectivercss of marathon Eroups with hospitalised female narcotic addicts.
  34. (1971). Effects of encounter and proprarimeed. Croup treatments on self'-concept.
  35. (1953). Effects of role playine upon (a) Role flexibility 11 and (b) Ability to conceptualise a new role. Paper presented to A,
  36. (1975). Efficacy of' group therapy by nurses for hospitalised patients.
  37. (1068). Estimating psycholopical oreanisation meaning and-charge in relation to clinical practice.
  38. (1969). Exploratory investigation of empathy. ''
  39. (1971). Factor analytic Study of process variables, in group therapy.
  40. (1968). Fhenom,:., ra in a closed psychotherapeutic group.
  41. (1953). Fvaluatirf., tnerapy in dolinfluercy prevention procramme,
  42. (1961). Grcup Thernry of rhobic discrders by systematic desensitisaticn.
  43. (1975). Group dynamic trentmert -methods in juvenile delinquent institutions.
  44. (1971). Group lisychotherripy literat ure
  45. Group pSyChotherapy literature 1069.
  46. (1956). Group psychotherapy with chronic soiling 'patients, doi
  47. (1968). Group psychotricrary literature 1067--Int.
  48. (1972). Group versus irdividu, -al psychotherapy with schizophrenics.
  49. (1970). Human relations training for teachers,
  50. (1962). Impact of' the laboratory on perceptions of others by the experimental group. In C. Argyll's 'Intorpersonal competence and organisational efl'ectivenesso Irwin p. 261-271 . HARRIZ50N it. k1965) Group composition models for laboratory design.
  51. (1964). Individual. change in a nkanagement development programme.
  52. (1980). JethodologicAl issues in the content analysis of brief'psycEotherapy.
  53. (1964). jor: E: 3 F,, 4., k1968) Identifiat. -tion in ter. as of' personal construct, depression*
  54. (1960). Jýotes on the psychoanalytic investigations and treatment of manic and depressive insanity and allied conditions in selected papers on psychoinalynis. Pew York.
  55. (1965). k196b) Group psychotherapy - literature
  56. (1973). k1974) Group psycnotherapy literature'
  57. (1971). ki 971 ) Measurement of' self actualisation and its theoretical implications. BITS
  58. ki 978) The process of' change in pgychonnalytic psychotherapy.
  59. (1956). kig5o) measurement in ? sycnotnerapy
  60. (1968). kJ966) counselling and psychotherapy. Urpublished final
  61. (1964). L; -H91 Intensity of rrou'r intera. etion as a function nf' 70) charee in. self' concert and doem,,
  62. (1974). l: j j. 13, (J974) Predictirm ara mensure-nert of' chsrpe In a p. sychotherapy group.
  63. (1970). Marathon Group: Facilitator of personal growth?
  64. (1957). Mea surement of . meaning. Urbana Illirois Press. OVEWALL J., jcjjr:: 3cN , . 4. ýi 966) Nosology of* depression and difTerential response to drugs.
  65. (1964). Measuring Group Process.
  66. (1953). Multi-dinzersioral scale for rntire rsychiatric patients.
  67. (1965). Multiple afTect adjective checklist.
  68. (1967). On , aethod. San Francisco:
  69. (1964). Participant perceýption of group process sensitivity training,
  70. (1963). Patients viers of' urqup ysychothýýrapy.
  71. (1971). Personal, Construct Systems in 'psychotherapy.
  72. (1965). Personality and Personal Illness, London. Trivistocko
  73. (1965). Relationship between thernpist offered conditions and patient changes in group psychotherapy. doi
  74. (1965). Relationship of measure of self-actualisation to neuroticism and extraversion. doi
  75. (1973). Relationship patterns in self analytic groups. doi
  76. (1973). Relationship Patterns in Selfanalytic Groups.
  77. (1968). Reliability of
  78. (1967). Report of Ad Hoc Committee on central fact-gathering data of' the Aracrican Psychoanalytic Association. doi
  79. (1976). Resegreh methodoloLcy in psychotherapy - why bother:
  80. (1967). S'ome psycholof; ical chanf: es associated with improvement in
  81. (1972). Some differences in the personal donstructs'*-o: r neurotic and normal subýectso Br.
  82. (1963). some effects of, group sensitivity experience, rsychol,
  83. t 1977) cutcome in psychotherapy evaluated by indcpe; dcnt
  84. (1971). T-Groups: A survey of' research. 1,1, 'iley. CCRSINI R. & RUSE. NbURG it, 0955) Twenty years of group psychotherapy.
  85. t1963) Social Learnirg and Personality Development. Vew York: Molt, Rinehart & Winston, BAMIUSTER D. ý1960) uonceptual Structure in thought disordered schizophrenics,
  86. (1975). The behavi. oural. study qrd treatmert of depression in
  87. (1959). The matural history of the psychoneurosis.
  88. (1969). The practice of behaviour therapy. New York. Pergamon Fress.
  89. The relationship between self-disclosure aI nd selfesteem,
  90. (1970). Theonj and Practice of Group Psychotherapy. -- N6, x York-, Basic Books. doi
  91. (1980). Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the Clegree of
  92. (1975). Tmvards an applied theory of experientual learning in
  93. (1971). Training of education for hard-core areas -A success? Paper presented at meeting of interrotional Association of Ar. plied Psychology, Liege,
  94. (1974). Verbal communication level and arxiety in psychotherapy groups.
  95. (1961). Verbal participation and rerceived benefits from group psychotherapy.
  96. (1965). Vicarious Frocesses: A case of' no trial learning. In L. berkowitz ýEd. ) Advancos'in Experimental and 6ocia.
  97. (1971). ý ec OCCITAriE U.
  98. (1954). ý. tea sure mert in rsycho- therapy in

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.