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Church building and restoration in Leicestershire, 1800-1914

By Geoffrey K. Brandwood

Abstract

This thesis aims to provide the first comprehensive review of church building and restoration in an English county between 1800 and 1914.\ud Architectural trends and arrangements of furnishings and fittings receive the greatest attention, together with the setting of local events in the national context. The condition and appearance of churches in the pre-Ecclesiological era are considered and a rather more favourable picture built up than that inherited from the nineteenth century. The rise of Ecclesiology is examined and it is clear that Leicestershire follows rather than plays a leading part in national trends. Throughout emphasis is placed on statistical information to illuminate the points under discussion, for example, to assess the impact of the restoration movement on local churches; the claim that restoration was destruction is critically examined, particularly in relation to G. G. Scott. It is shown that from about 1870 there-was a great need for new churches in Leicester, and, although there were some notable buildings provided, there was a general tendency towards architectural simplicity which led back to the values embodied in the pre-Victorian buildings. This is also associated with changing stylistic fashions; after the flowering of the Gothic Revival, its waning is traced and examples given of the use of non-Gothic styles. The above themes are generally treated chronologically. They are followed by separate treatments of the processes of selecting architects (the clear evidence is limited), building materials and their application (Leicestershire has an excellent diversity of materials), and the methods of funding the work. Back-up material is provided in a series of Appendices. Of these the longest and most important are the ones summarising the work done at each church, the work of individual architects, and a review of the amount and timing of activity in other selected counties. The latter seems to show that not all counties follow the Leicestershire pattern, which peaks in the 1860s

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1984
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/7536

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  1. 1 am grateful to Mr
  2. 200 loan for the 1852 restoration.
  3. 218-19. late Victorian- work. At St Barnabas Perpendicular was brouqht back into use and in the remarkable building of St James the Greater Gothic was overthrown altogether. Apart from
  4. 240 loan for the 1850 restoration.
  5. 250 borrowed on the security of the rates for the. 1869-70 restoration.
  6. 40. For a further discussion of briefs see above
  7. (1973). A Handbook of Parish Property (London,
  8. (1977). A Short Account of the Church of St Nicholas, Stretton, Rutland and its restoration, 1881" (MS hanging in church as at
  9. (1914). A short Sketch of the History of S. Hugh"s mission, in the Parish of Little Bowden,
  10. (1909). A Sketch of the History of Christ"Church,
  11. Also £209,139 had been spent on endowments (including parsonage houses and land) and £229,328 on schools, i. e. an overall total of £1,112,548. Other cases of very heavy rates
  12. (1873). another important contributor, had died in 1867. Both St Peter and St Leonard caused the CEA difficulties.
  13. at Market Harborough, doi
  14. At Stretton Lord and Lady Aveland headed the subscription list for the £1,646 works in 1881-2 with £560 (34% of the total). tower at Barrow-on-Soar in 1869 can. be broken down as follows -Barrow-on-Soar'
  15. At Willouqhby Waterleys there is a rare case of exterior stucco removal being specified in the faculty of 1874.37 Stonton Wyville, also in 1832.42
  16. Cautley certainly found enough to dislike; see p.
  17. (1969). Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century Devon (Newton Abbott, doi
  18. Church Building Association, 32nd anniversary report in NRO NAS/P/16. Rutland is, to say the least, shadowy. A Rutland District Committee was
  19. Church Extension ... ", 430 for the project.
  20. Church Extension .... doi
  21. Church. Extension .... "
  22. (1879). clothing business of that name.
  23. Decjsion to apply for a Government loan of £500 in 1853.28 Not certain if it was obtained.
  24. Even the Victorian church of Llangaffo, Anglesey, by Weightman and Hadfield, 1847, has it.
  25. (1906). Evidence taken before the Royal Commission on Ecclesiastical Discipline,
  26. Exeter Diocesan Archit.
  27. (1978). Fellows=of the ICBS,
  28. (1843). In 1873 there were four local committees, reduced to three by 1877
  29. (1716). in church at
  30. Information on the Barmouth font supplied by the Rev.
  31. (1911). Leicestershire Churches in the Time of Charles I"
  32. (1854). little used but I have encountered nine examples. The best documented case is at Normanton-le-Heath. The parish went to the Public Works Loan Office and borrowed £200 towards
  33. Loan for the 1846 restoration; repayments in 1849-53 suggest £100 was advanced and paid off by 1853.27 (Approx. 8% of the cost.
  34. loan for the 1849 restoration.
  35. Loan of £1,500 for the 1861 restoration. Interest charged at 4%. A rate was established to cover the loan.
  36. Loan of £700 for (presumably) the 1866-8 work.
  37. (1875). marble mania" becoming dangerous; he condemned "pulpits bade like marble
  38. Peel was one of the most famous; he gave £4,000
  39. (1851). Predictably the major names included-the Duke of Rutland (£100 subscription),
  40. Rents from parish lands provided the upkeep for church fabrics on occasion. In 1857 among the Rutland churches this was the sole source of such income at Braunston and a contributory one at Great Casteron and Lyddingevent, the money was not-needed.
  41. Sibson is the latest case of ornamented ridge tiles I have-met in Leicestershire churches.
  42. Sometimes other churches did get-one. A 3d. rate for repairs in 1843, was followed by failure
  43. (1895). Starting with St John the Baptist, Timberhill (Vicar) v. Rectors of Same
  44. Supplementary Volume to the Leicestershire Views (London,
  45. (1963). The Building of the Eighteenth-Century Church (London,
  46. (1969). The Buildings of England: West Kent and the Weald (Harmondsworth,
  47. The Churches and Society in Leicestershire, 1851-1870" (Cambridge Ph.
  48. (1958). The Incised Slabs of Leicestershire and doi
  49. The list includes the other surviving examplest at Belgrave,
  50. The other cases of loans are as follows: -
  51. (1891). the Preservation of Ancient Buildings as any ideological teaching.
  52. The six were Dadlington, Goadby, Leicester, St Nicholas, Sapcote, Scraptoft and Wardley.
  53. The survivors known to me are Leicester Holy Apostles,
  54. (1977). The Village and Church of Welham in Leicestershire (Welham,
  55. There is little documentary evidence for their insertion but an exception is the provision for one in the 1834 faculty at Congerstone
  56. (1982). This idea was suggested by M. Draper in a lecture "Percy Dearmer and the Principles of Worship" to the Ecclesiological Society,
  57. (1853). This method of financing was probably relatively

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