The celebrated relation between inequality and redistribution is based on selfish\ud voters who care solely about own-payouts. A growing empirical literature highlights\ud the importance of other regarding preferences (ORP) in voting over redistribution.\ud We reexamine the relation between inequality and redistribution, within a simple\ud general equilibrium model, when voters have ORP. Our contribution is five-fold.\ud First, we demonstrate the existence of a Condorcet winner. Second, poverty can\ud lead to increased redistribution (which implies a countercyclical social spending to\ud GDP ratio). Third, we show that disposable income 'strongly median-dominates'\ud factor income. Fourth, we show that fair voters respond to an increase in 'strong\ud median-dominance' by engaging in greater redistribution. Fifth, an illustrative em-\ud pirical exercise using OECD data points to the importance of fairness in explaining\ud redistribution
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