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Timescale- and temperature-dependent properties of viscoelastic poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films

By A. R. Hillman, I. Efimov and K. S. Ryder


The viscoelastic properties of thin films of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) have been studied using the method of acoustic impedance. The films were deposited on the Au electrodes of 10 MHz AT-cut quartz thickness shear mode resonators and exposed to acetonitrile solutions of 0.1 M TEABF4 and LiClO4. For p-doped films, admittance spectra as a function of potential (E), temperature (T), and time scale (frequency, via harmonics, in the range 10−110 MHz) were acquired. Shear modulus components extracted from these responses surprisingly showed virtually no variation with E (and thus film solvation) or with T, but the variation with frequency was dramatic. This qualitative behavior and the numerical values of the shear moduli contrast strongly with recently reported data for the related poly(3-hexylthiophene) system, which shares the same conducting spine but differs substantially in the substitution pattern. Accordingly, the models and interpretation for PEDOT are quite different:  film dynamics are determined by free-volume effects, and side-chain motion is not a significant factor. Qualitatively similar potential and time-scale effects were seen for n-doped PEDOT, but the scope of the measurements was limited by film stability

Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1021/ja054259z
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