Location of Repository

The Leicester Poor Law Union, 1836-1871.

By Kathryn M. Thompson

Abstract

Although there have been many studies of the operation of the new poor law in a variety of unions little research has been done on the East Midlands. This region shared features with both southern agricultural\ud areas and northern urban ones and is interesting to study because unions\ud were established there before the onset of the 1837 trade depression which\ud contributed towards the difficulties encountered in establishing northern\ud unions. The Leicester union adds a new dimension to poor law studies: it began fairly successfully but when the trade slump hit the town in 1837 its administration became overwhelmed with the problems facing it and appeared to lurch from one crisis to the next. After several years of poor employment prospects the town's improving economy from about 1850 led to a substantial reduction in the number of paupers. The pressure on the union decreased so that by the beginning of the 1860s it was able to\ud maintain the workhouse test quite successfully.\ud \ud It is the intention of this thesis to show that the improving economy was the single most important reason for the success of the union. It affected many of its actions and was a prime factor in the amount of\ud political activity generated by the board of guardians. The individual chapters discuss various aspects of the union's business and show that, while there may have been some improvement in its finances and staff,\ud these would have been insignificant on their own. The union faced a number of problems throughout the period of this study, some of them found in other unions but some unique to Leicester. Without the drastic\ud amelioration of the town's economy the Leicester union would not have been a success

Publisher: University of Leicester
Year: 1988
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/4210

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1840). 12/6468, no 90488,
  2. 12/6469, no 7003B, 14 June 1841; '1H 4/2, no 7003, Poor Law Board about the case of Elizabeth Snow and her five children.
  3. 12/6469, no 95548, 16 July 1842 parish officers of Hythe'. Leicester was not always the innocent party in cases of illegal
  4. 12/6469, nos 57238
  5. (1844). 12/6470, no 226DB,
  6. 12/6471, etc. (no returns after 1855)
  7. 12/6471, no 133258, 6 October 1845; Becherand, op cit, p 46; Poor Law CommIssioners, 9th annual report,
  8. (1845). 12/6471, no 6682B,
  9. (1848). 12/6473, no 14927,
  10. (1848). 12/6473, no 23109, 14
  11. (1848). 12/6473, nos 17948
  12. (1853). 12/6474, no 390, 26 December 1848; Return of...contested elections of Guardians
  13. (1853). 12/6476, no 832,
  14. (1861). 12/6480, no 43652,
  15. 30, quoting History of'
  16. (1837). 32/35, no 4548C, 29 flay
  17. 32/67, no 12939, 15 April 1867; Poor Law Board, 19th annual report,
  18. (1837). 32/68, no 1999C, 15 March 1837;
  19. (1837). 32/68, no 422OC, 16 lYlay 1837; no 4791C,
  20. (1845). 32/87, no 4526B, etc., quarters ending
  21. (1839). 40/44, letter of 9
  22. (1904). A History of the English Poor Law, vol II,
  23. A I Patterson, with special reference to voi.
  24. A licKinley (ed), Victoria County History, vol IV: The City of Leicester
  25. (1962). A Victorian National Health Service: State Vaccination 1855-71', doi
  26. (1981). Agricultural Seasonal Unemployment, the Standard of Living, doi
  27. (1985). Aspects of Oxfordshire poor relief: the 1830s', Cake and Cockhorse, vol 8, 18O, p 61; Randell, op cit,
  28. (1974). Chartism and Opposition to the New Poor Law in Nottinghamshire: The Basfcircl Union Workhouse Affair of 1844', midland History, vol II, doi
  29. (1959). Chartism in Leicester'
  30. cit, p 228 whom three died. Smallpox was again prevalent
  31. (1984). cit, pp 212-213; 6 Peters, 'the Old and the New Poor Law in Hitchin'
  32. (1979). cit, pp 330-336 economist, John Stuart Ull, writing in 1860, said: 1 • D Ashl'orth, 'The Poor Law in Bradford c. 1834-1871' (PhD, Ihiversity of Bradford,
  33. et seq.; Patterson, op cit,
  34. (1964). Finding a policy for the sick poor',
  35. (1974). Leicester Past and Present, doi
  36. (1912). Leicester: Sanitation versus Vaccination
  37. (1979). no 196, 24 August 1854 788, 790-793 (form ! returns) 1144, 1148, 1181, 1183 12070/2 (outdoor relief list, half-year ended 29 September 1849) 1072/I and II 22057/82, 83, 87, 88 (Town Clerk's
  38. no 219,
  39. no 226, 20
  40. no 254, 8
  41. no 286, 22
  42. (1845). nos 94598
  43. (1967). op cit,
  44. (1967). op cit, P 277; Digby
  45. (1970). op cit, p 41; Fraser (Urban Politics), op cit, doi
  46. op cit, p 65; Rshforth, op cit, doi
  47. (1970). op cit, pp 47-48; Fraser (New Poor Law), op cit, p 113; Fraser (Urban Politics), op cit,
  48. (1970). op cjt, pp 36-37; Fraser (New Poor Law), op cit, pp 115-116; D Ashforth, 'The Poor Law in Bradford c. 1834-1871' (PhD,
  49. (1970). op clt,
  50. (1967). p 52 Health Service
  51. (1647). Pauper burials have an important place in the mythology of the poor
  52. Politics), op cit, p 90
  53. Poor Law), op cit,
  54. quoted in Thompson, op cit,
  55. (1977). Recent Developments in the Study of the English Poor Law', The Local Historian,
  56. (1985). Settlement and removal in urban areas: Bradford, 1834-71' in Rose
  57. (1974). The 'Hungry Forties' and the New Poor Law: A Case Study', The Historical Journal, vol XVII, doi
  58. (1986). The Chartists. Popular Politics in the Industrial Revolution (ldershot, doi
  59. The Coming of the Welfare State (3rd edn, i9ss), p 87
  60. (1971). The English Poor Law 1780-1930 (Newton Abbot, doi
  61. (1850). The English poor law and the origins of the British Welfare State' doi
  62. (1978). The flaking of the
  63. (1834). The New Poor Law in North East Lancashire,
  64. The poor and the English poor laws in the Loughborcugh
  65. (1970). The Poor Law as a Political Institution' in 0 Fraser (New Poor Law), op cit, Pp 112-114; D Fraser, 'Poor Law Politics in Leeds 1833-1833', Thoresby Society Publications, vol LIII,
  66. (1982). The Poor Law in Nineteenth-century England and Wales
  67. (1974). The Workhouse doi
  68. (1834). The Workhouse System doi
  69. (1979). The working of the Poor Law Pjriendment !ct in Cumbria, 1836-71', doi
  70. (1830). Treble, Urban Poverty in doi
  71. (1976). Urban Politics in Victorian England (Leicester, doi
  72. (1958). Victoria County History, vol. tV: The City of Leicester doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.