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Increased spatial resolution using a three-dimensional T1-weighted gradient-echo MR sequence results in greater hypointense lesion volumes in multiple sclerosis

By Massimo Filippi, Maria A. Rocca, Mark A. Horsfield, Marco Rovaris, C. Pereira, T.A. Yousry, B. Colombo and G. Comi

Abstract

This article was published in American Journal of Neuroradiology, and is available at their website at http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/reprint/19/2/235PURPOSE: Our goal was to evaluate whether improved spatial resolution of MR images results in the detection of higher volumes of hypointense lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient-echo (MP-RAGE) sequence with subsequent reconstruction of axial sections with 5-, 3-, and 1-mm thickness and a dual-echo sequence were obtained in 16 patients with relapsing-remitting or secondary-progressive MS. The volumes of MR imaging abnormalities present on each of these studies were measured using a semiautomated segmentation technique based on local thresholding. The hypointense lesion volumes seen on the three reconstructed MP-RAGE sets of images were compared using the Friedman test and correlated with the hyperintense lesion volume on proton density-weighted images and with scores on the Expanded Disability Status Scale using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The median volume of hypointense lesions increased from 1.2 mL (range, 0 to 14.9 mL) on the 5-mm-thick MP-RAGE images to 1.7 mL (range, 0 to 15.8 mL) on the 3-mm-thick images, and to 1.9 mL (range, 0 to 16.2 mL) on the 1-mm-thick images. The hypointense lesion volumes measured on the three MP-RAGE images correlated significantly with the degree of disability, whereas this correlation was not significant with the T2- weighted lesion load. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that a significant increase in the volume of potentially disabling MS lesions is observed when obtaining MR images with thin sections

Publisher: American Society of Neuroradiology
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/490

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