This version has been published by NRC Canada http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/There is growing evidence that the integration of mitochondrial DNA sequences into nuclear and chloroplast genomes of higher organisms may be widespread rather than exceptional. We report the localization of 18S–25S rDNA and mitochondrial DNA sequences to meiotic chromosomes of several orthopteran species using in situ hybridisation. The cytochrome oxidase I (COI) sequence localizes to the centromeric and two telomeric regions of the eight bivalents of Chorthippus parallelus, the telomeric regions in Schistocerca gregaria and is present throughout the genome of\ud Italopodisma sp. (Orthoptera: Acrididae). The control region of the mitochondrion and COI localize to similar chromosomal regions in S. gregaria. These data explain sequencing data that are inconsistent with the COI sequence being solely mitochondrial. The different nuclear locations of mtDNA in the different genera studied suggest that\ud grasshopper mtDNA-like sequences have been inserted into the nuclear genome more than once in Acridid history, and there may have been different mechanisms involved when these events occurred in each of these species
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