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ATP-sensitive K+ channels regulate the concentrative adenosine transporter CNT2 following activation by A1 adenosine receptors

By Sylvie Duflot, Bárbara Riera, Sonia Fernández-Veledo, Vicent Casadó, Robert I. Norman, F. Javier Casado, Carme Lluís, Rafael Franco and Marçal Pastor-Anglada

Abstract

This study describes a novel mechanism of regulation of the high-affinity Na+ -dependent adenosine transporter\ud (CNT2) via the activation of A1 adenosine receptors (A1R). This regulation is mediated by the activation of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. The high-affinity Na+ -dependent adenosine transporter CNT2 and A1R\ud are coexpressed in the basolateral domain of the rat hepatocyte plasma membrane and are colocalized in the rat hepatoma cell line FAO. The transient increase in CNT2-mediated transport activity triggered by (-)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine is fully inhibited by KATP channel blockers and mimicked by a KATP channel opener. A1R agonist activation of CNT2 occurs in both hepatocytes and FAO cells, which express Kir6.1, Kir6.2, SUR1, SUR2A, and SUR2B mRNA channel subunits. With the available antibodies against Kir6.X, SUR2A, and SUR2B, it is shown that all of these proteins colocalize with CNT2 and A1R in defined plasma membrane domains of FAO cells. The extent of the purinergic modulation of CNT2 is affected by the glucose concentration, a finding which indicates that glycemia and glucose metabolism may affect this cross-regulation among A1R, CNT2, and KATP channels. These results also suggest that the activation of KATP channels under metabolic stress can be mediated by the activation of A1R. Cell protection under these circumstances may be\ud achieved by potentiation of the uptake of adenosine and its further metabolization to ATP. Mediation of purinergic responses and a connection between the intracellular energy status and the need for an exogenous\ud adenosine supply are novel roles for KATP channels

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:lra.le.ac.uk:2381/16

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