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Psychometric properties of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Symptom Score

By S Hagen, L Sinclair, D Stark, C Bugge and Cathryn Margaret Anne Glazener

Abstract

Objective To assess the internal consistency, construct validity and sensitivity to change of a pelvic organ prolapse symptom score (POP-SS). Design Analysis of data from three prolapse studies, including symptomatic and asymptomatic women who completed the POP-SS. Setting (1) A community setting in New Zealand, (2) two gynaecology outpatient departments in Scotland and (3) a gynaecological surgery department in Scotland. Population or sample (1) Participants from a survey of postnatal women at 12-year follow up, invited to complete a prolapse questionnaire and have prolapse assessment, (2) new gynaecology outpatients presenting with prolapse symptoms, randomised to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) or control and (3) women having anterior and/or posterior prolapse surgery, randomised to mesh insert or no mesh. Method Data were analysed to assess internal consistency, construct validity and sensitivity to change of the POP-SS. Main outcome measures Cronbach's alpha, significance of differences in POP-SS scores between studies and significance of difference in POP-SS scores pre- to post-intervention. Results For internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.723 to 0.828. Women having surgery had higher POP-SS scores than those having conservative management (mean difference 5.0, 95% CI 3.1–6.9), who in turn had higher scores than the asymptomatic women (mean difference 5.9, 95% CI 4.4–7.4). Significant differences in POP-SS score were detected after surgery and PFMT. The improvement due to surgery was significantly greater than that associated with PFMT (z =−3.006, P = 0.003). Conclusion The POP-SS has good internal consistency and construct validity and is sensitive to change.1 ProLong: University of Otago Postgraduate Scholarship in Obstetrics\ud and Gynaecology.\ud 2 POPPY: Health Services Research Committee grant, Chief Scientist\ud Office, Scottish Government.\ud 3 IMPRESS: None

Topics: Construct validity, Internal consistency, Outcome measure, Pelvic organ prolapse, Psychometric properties, Sensitivity to change
Publisher: Blackwells
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:aura.abdn.ac.uk:2164/309
Journal:

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