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Spatial costs in a monocentric city (and implications for agglomeration)

By Hugh B. Wenban-Smith

Abstract

Using water supply as a model for a wider range of infrastructure services, the effect of a negative exponential density gradient on distribution costs is investigated for four monocentric urban development scenarios: (a) Densification; (b) Dispersion; (c) Suburbanisation; and (d) Constant density. It is shown that economies of scale in production can be outweighed by diseconomies in distribution in cases (b) and (c), suggesting that the agglomeration benefits of infrastructure cannot be taken for granted. They depend as much on the effect of density on distribution costs as the effect of size on production costs

Topics: G Geography (General), HC Economic History and Conditions
Publisher: Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC), London School of Economics and Political Science
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:33270
Provided by: LSE Research Online

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Citations

  1. (1979). Optimal city size in a spatial economyā€¯ doi

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