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Anionic Polyelectrolyte-Stabilized Nanoparticles via RAFT Aqueous Dispersion Polymerization

By M. Semsarilar (1400860), V. Ladmiral (1946587), A. Blanazs (1946590) and S. P. Armes (1370142)

Abstract

We report the synthesis of anionic sterically stabilized diblock copolymer nanoparticles via polymerization-induced self-assembly using a RAFT aqueous dispersion polymerization formulation. The anionic steric stabilizer is a macromolecular chain-transfer agent (macro-CTA) based on poly(potassium 3-sulfopropyl methacrylate) (PKSPMA), and the hydrophobic core-forming block is based on poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) (PHPMA). The effect of varying synthesis parameters such as the salt concentration, solids content, relative block composition, and anionic charge density has been studied. In the absence of salt, self-assembly is problematic when using a PKSPMA stabilizer because of lateral repulsion between highly charged anionic chains. However, in the presence of added salt this problem can be overcome by reducing the charge density within the coronal stabilizer layer by either (i) statistically copolymerizing the KSPMA monomer with a nonionic comonomer (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, HEMA) or (ii) using a binary mixture of a PKSPMA macro-CTA and a poly(glycerol monomethacrylate) (PGMA) macro-CTA. These diblock copolymer nanoparticles were analyzed by <sup>1</sup>H NMR spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and aqueous electrophoresis. NMR studies suggest that the HPMA polymerization is complete within 2 h at 70 °C, and DMF GPC analysis confirms that the resulting diblock copolymers have relatively low polydispersities (<i>M</i><sub>w</sub>/<i>M</i><sub>n</sub> < 1.30). NMR also suggests a significant degree of hydration for the core-forming PHPMA chains. Depending on the specific reaction conditions, a series of spherical nanoparticles with mean diameters ranging from 50 to 200 nm with tunable anionic surface charge can be prepared. If a binary mixture of anionic and nonionic macro-CTAs is utilized, then it is also possible to access a vesicular morphology

Topics: Biophysics, Biochemistry, Medicine, Cell Biology, Biotechnology, Immunology, Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified, diblock copolymer nanoparticles, mixture, methacrylate, 1 H NMR spectroscopy, RAFT Aqueous Dispersion PolymerizationWe report, PGMA, dispersion polymerization formulation, gel permeation chromatography, HEMA, DLS, PHPMA, HPMA, charge density, TEM, synthesis, KSPMA, DMF GPC analysis, coronal stabilizer layer, PKSPMA
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1021/la203991y.s001
OAI identifier: oai:figshare.com:article/2564230
Provided by: FigShare
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