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Laser welding of TiNi shape memory alloy and stainless steel using Co filler metal

By Li HM, Sun DQ, Cai XL, Dong P and Gu XY


Dissimilar metal joints of TiNi shape memory alloy wire and stainless steel wire were welded by laser welding method with and without Co filler metal. Comparative microstructure and properties of laser welded joints with and without Co filler metal have been detailed investigated. The effects of Co filler metal thickness on joint microstructure and properties were also discussed. The results indicated that the addition of Co filler metal had great effect to improve joint microstructure and properties. When 20 pm thick Co filler metal was used, the joint tensile strength and elongation reached the maximum values (347 MPa and 4.2%), and the corresponding joint fracture mode changed from pure brittle feature to mixture of cleavage and dimples due to decreasing brittle intermetallic compounds such as TiFe2, TiCr2, etc. But excessive Co addition resulted in decreasing the joint properties because of forming more Co-Ti intermetallic compounds. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2012.06.010
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