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Substrate Dependence of the Freezing Dynamics of Supercooled Water Films: A High-Speed Optical Microscope Study

By E. Pach (4491160), L. Rodriguez (4491163) and A. Verdaguer (2331067)

Abstract

The freezing of supercooled water films on different substrates was investigated using a high-speed camera coupled to an optical microscope, obtaining details of the freezing process not described in the literature before. We observed the two well known freezing stages (fast dendritic growth and slow freezing of the water liquid left after the dendritic growth), but we separated the process into different phenomena that were studied separately: two-dimensional dendrite growth on the substrate interface, vertical dendrite growth, formation and evolution of ice domains, trapping of air bubbles and freezing of the water film surface. We found all of these processes to be dependent on both the supercooling temperature and the substrate used. Ice dendrite (or ice front) growth during the first stage was found to be dependent on thermal properties of the substrate but could not be unequivocally related to them. Finally, for low supercooling, a direct relationship was observed between the morphology of the dendrites formed in the first stage, which depends on the substrate, and the roughness and the shape of the surface of the ice, when freezing of the film was completed. This opens the possibility of using surfaces and coatings to control ice morphology beyond anti-icing properties

Topics: Biophysics, Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology, Space Science, Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified, Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified, Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified, Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified, supercooling, High-Speed Optical Microscope Study, dendritic, supercooled water films, dendrite growth, water film surface, Supercooled Water Films, control ice morphology, substrate
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06933.s001
OAI identifier: oai:figshare.com:article/5469646
Provided by: FigShare
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