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On neutral and fallen angels : a text in the Codex Karlsruhe 408 and its source in Enikel's Weltchronik

By Graeme Dunphy


In his edition of Jansen Enikel’s "Weltchonik", which first appeared in 1891, Philipp Strauch briefly noted the similarity between a detail in Enikel’s creation story and a couplet in a short verse narrative printed in a collection by Adelbert von Keller. Strauch never elaborated on this parallel, and subsequent scholarship has not pursued it, but the manuscript from which von Keller’s material was drawn, now known as Codex Karlsruhe 408, is an important document and the relationship between it and Jansen Enikel deserves to be explored. Enikel’s "Weltchonik" (Vienna, c. 1272) is a 30,000-line history of the world from the creation to the death of the Emperor Frederick II. Immediately after his prologue, Enikel tells of the creation of the angels and their subsequent rebellion and fall, and only then comes the Biblical story of the creation of the world and of Adam and Eve. Most of this is standard material for the 13th century, but Enikels narrative has one striking and rather unusual feature. While some of the angels rebelled against God and others stood by him, there was a third group who refused to show their colours [...

Topics: Jansen Enikel, Jans / Weltchronik, Codex, Karlsruhe, Engel <Motiv>, ddc:830, ddc:940
Year: 2011
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