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New Option in Photoprotection

By Ines Sjerobabski Masnec, Lena Kotrulja, Mirna Šitum and Sanja Poduje

Abstract

All the people are exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation. Exposure to sun with living in an oxygen-rich atmosphere causes unwanted photodemage. Sunburned skin is a leading risk factor for melanoma and non-melanoma cancers. UV exposure causes immunosuppression via multiple mechanisms in the skin. In this review the main topic is to mention new or alternative ways of photoprotection. Sunscreens are commonly used as protection against sun damage. They reduce the penetration of damaging solar UV wavelengths in skin by reflecting or absorbing them. Sunscreens are very valuable, but they have limitations. They have to be used properly to gain the full effect (application a little while before UV exposure, at frequent time points and in adequate amounts). Also, they have the problem of photoinactivation, which is the degeneration of the UV-filter due to exposure to UV rays resulting in the loss of absorbing capacity. Products with immune protection factor contain DNA-repair enzymes and antioxidants that may reduce mutations and enable the immune system to combat photodamage. The use of antioxidants and polyphenols may exert an anti-aging effect by preventing and even reversing sun damage. Adequate photprotection is essential to control photocarcinogenesis and photoaging

Topics: photoprotection; UV radiation; DNA repair enzymes; polyphenols
Publisher: Croatian Anthropological Society
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:51670

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