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Istraživanje vezanja kofeina na albumin iz ljudskoga seruma

By Anita Kriško, Marina Kveder, Slavko Pečar and Greta Pifat

Abstract

Binding of caffeine to human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated with the aim of describing the binding parameters of the interaction. It was found that the results obtained by fluorescence spectroscopy are influenced by the non-negligible artifact, known as the inner filter effect due to the absorption of caffeine at the excitation wavelength (290 nm). Therefore, a suitable correction of the obtained data was performed and the binding constant for caffeine binding to HSA was estimated, revealing low affinity of caffeine for HSA Ks = (12 ±1) *10³ mol–1 dm. Further, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, using three different positional isomers of spin labeled stearic acid, doxyl stearates, was applied to study the caffeine-HSA interaction in further detail. It was found that upon caffeine binding, the hyperfine splitting decreases for HSA labeled with 5-doxylstearate. This phenomenon may indicate either an increase in mobility or a local change in polarity sensed by reporter groups upon caffeine binding. These observations may be important for the functional characteristics of HSA.Predmet ovoga istraživanja je vezanje kofeina na albumin iz ljudskoga seruma (HSA) s ciljem određivanja točne metodologije obrade dobivenih eksperimentalnih podataka. Naime, ustanovljeno je da na rezultate iz literature dobivene uporabom fluorescencijske spektroskopije utječe učinak unutarnjega filtera, kojega nije moguć e zanemariti. Učinak unutarnjega filtera prisutan je uslijed snažne apsorpcije kofeina na valnoj duljini pobude fluorescencije HSA (290 nm). Stoga je u ovome radu provedena korekcija dobivenih eksperimentalnih podataka te je procijenjena konstanta vezanja kofeina na HSA. Nadalje, za istraživanje interakcije kofeina i HSA primijenjena je spektroskopija elektronske paramagnetske rezonancije uz uporabu triju izomera spinski označene stearinske kiseline, doksil-stearata. Dobiveni rezultati ukazuju na smanjenje hiperfinoga cijepanja spektra HSA obilježenoga 5-doksil-stearatom u prisutnosti kofeina. Taj rezultat, zajedno s uočenim promjenama spektralnih amplituda, upućuje na povećanje mobilnosti spinske oznake u prisutnosti kofeina, uslijed poveć anja lokalne pokretljivosti proteina

Topics: HSA; EPR; fluorescence spectroscopy; caffeine; binding
Publisher: Croatian Chemical Society
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:2668

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