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Dielectric monitoring of carbon nanotube network formation in curing thermosetting nanocomposites

By Andrea Battisti, Alexandros A. Skordos and Ivana K. Partridge


This paper focuses on monitoring of carbon nanotube (CNT) network development during the cure of unsaturated polyester nanocomposites by means of electrical impedance spectroscopy. A phenomenological model of the dielectric response is developed using equivalent circuit analysis. The model comprises two parallel RC elements connected in series, each of them giving rise to a semicircular arc in impedance complex plane plots. An established inverse modelling methodology is utilized for the estimation of the parameters of the corresponding equivalent circuit. This allows a quantification of the evolution of two separate processes corresponding to the two parallel RC elements. The high frequency process, which is attributed to CNT aggregates, shows a monotonic decrease in characteristic time during the cure. In contrast, the low frequency process, which corresponds to inter-aggregate phenomena, shows a more complex behaviour explained by the interplay between conductive network development and the cross-linking of the polymer

Publisher: Iop Publishing Ltd
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0022-3727
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Cranfield CERES

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