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By Atiya Ul-Hassan and E. M. H. Wellington


The actinobacteria encompass a well-defined clade of high GC bacteria, the members of which have a wide range of niches. Representatives of the group can be found in a diversity of habitats, which include soil, rhizosphere, and marine and freshwater systems. Several are important human and animal pathogens with a limited number being pathogenic to plants. The vast majority of Actinobacteria are important saprophytes capable of breaking down a wide range of plant and animal debris in the process of decomposition. Some genera such as Streptomyces and Micromonospora are renowned for their prolific production of a diverse range of bioactive metabolites, including antibiotics, enzymes, enzyme inhibitors, signalling molecules, and immunomodulators

Topics: Q1
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1016/b978-012373944-5.00044-4
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