Location of Repository

The Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decrees (1972 and 1977) and indigenisation in Nigeria

By Ismaila Mohammed


The thesis is a comprehensive examination of the Nigerian\ud Enterprises Promotion Decrees of 1972 and 1977, and more broadly\ud of the process of indigenisation in Nigeria.\ud A brief introduction to the historical background of indigenisation\ud before 1970 is followed by an account of the timing of the Decrees\ud in the context of the oil boom in the country's economy. An\ud examination of the problems encountered in implementing the Decrees\ud and their effects, and an analysis of the distribution of benefits,\ud is informed by empirical research including interviews, carried out\ud by the author in Nigeria between 1982 and 1985.\ud The record shows that indigenisation has led to the consolidation\ud of an economy which accommodates the interests of ex-State personnel,\ud the State as an institution, private indigenous businessmen and\ud foreign capital, in an order which is far from certain to bring about\ud the national economic independence which, in official terms, is the\ud chief objective.\ud Nigeria's commitment to capitalism and the promotion of\ud Indigenous private enterprise, on the basis of resources generated\ud initially by the agricultural economy, between the 1940s and 1960s,\ud and then much more spectacularly and more significantly by oil\ud revenues in the 1970s, provides an instructive example of the limits\ud to what a post-colonial society in black Africa can achieve by trying\ud to indigenise the ownership structure of its economy

Topics: DT, HC
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:34591

Suggested articles



  1. 1,
  2. 1976 (Times Press, Lagos) 1976.
  3. A doi
  4. A. doi
  5. A.H.M.
  6. Africa Report, "Foreign
  7. African
  8. African Development, "Can the Multinationals be tamed?" vol. doi
  9. Aluko, 0. - "Options in Nigerian Foreign Policy", 16th February 1978,
  10. and
  11. and Change, October 1984, No. 4, doi
  12. and Danial, J. (editors) -
  13. and Liedholm - Growth and Development of doi
  14. (1979). Annual Report and Accounts Lagos,
  15. Baltimore and London) 1974. II. Other Primary
  16. Biafra
  17. Bienen, doi
  18. Biersbp
  19. Biersteker, T.J. - "Indigenisation in Nigeria:
  20. (1979). Capital Transfer Tax Decree
  21. (1972). Central Bank of Nigeria - Economic and Financial Review "A Comparative Analysis of the Structure of Commercial Bank Credit Operations in Nigeria State',
  22. (1976). Central Bank of Nigeria - Economic and Financial Review "Foreign private investmentl in Nigeria 1971-73"
  23. Collins, P. - "The Political Economy of
  24. Company
  25. (1959). Council . Economic Survey of Nigeria 1959, Federal government,
  26. Crowder, M. - The Story of doi
  27. Development
  28. Emergence doi
  29. (1958). eustoms and Excise Management Ordinance
  30. F.
  31. (1962). Federal government - Development Programme 1962-68 Sessional paper No. 1,
  32. (1968). Federal government of Nigeria - The policy of Federal government on Statutory Corporations and State owned Companies,
  33. (1979). Federal Government Press, doi
  34. (1967). Federal Ministry of Industries - Annual Report,
  35. (1973). Federal Ministry of Industries - Nigerian Standards Organisation Progress Report
  36. (1978). Federal Republic of Nigeria - Economic and Statistical Review
  37. (1975). Federal Republic of Nigeria - Economic Indicators, Federal Office of Statistics,
  38. (1976). Federal Republic of Nigeria - Government's views on the Report of the Industrial Enterprises Panel,
  39. (1977). Federal Republic of Nigeria - Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Activities of the Trade Unions, Federal Ministry of Information,
  40. (1980). Federal Republic of Nigeria - Report of Tribunal of Inquiry into the Nigerian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank Limited,
  41. (1959). Federation of Nigeria - Final Report of the Parliamentary Committee on the Nigerianisation of the Federal Public Service Sessional Paper no. 6, Federal Government Printers,
  42. Federation of Nigeria - Parliamentary Debates. First Parliament Third Session 1962-63. House of Representatives,
  43. (1959). Federation of Nigeria . Nigerian Citizenship - Report by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Resumed Nigerian Constitutional Conference,
  44. Formation in Ghana: Some Empirical Observations", Development and Change, vol. doi
  45. Fransman, M. (editor) - Industry doi
  46. (1979). Goulbourne, H (editor) - Politics and State in the Third doi
  47. Government
  48. Groom
  49. Hutchinson, H. - "Nigerianisation: Waiting for
  50. Ibadan) 1976.
  51. III. Books Adedeji, A. (editor) Indigenisation
  52. in
  53. Industry doi
  54. Inidgenisation and Technological Dependence", Development and
  55. International Marketing Information Series, "Marketing in Nigerian -Overseas Business Reports, April 1979.
  56. (1981). Investment Code,
  57. IV. doi
  58. J.D.
  59. J.J.
  60. January/
  61. Judd, E.C. - MThe Changing Face of
  62. K. doi
  63. L. - Industrialisation in Nigeria. A doi
  64. Langdon,
  65. Lange,
  66. Langley, J.A. - Pan-Africanism and Nationalism in West Africa doi
  67. Lays,
  68. Leys, C. - Underdevelopment in Kenya (The Political Economy of Neo-Colonialism) (Heinemann, London) 1975. doi
  69. London doi
  70. London,
  71. M.V. doi
  72. Madunagu, E. - Problems of Socialism (The doi
  73. Manufacturers
  74. Miliband, R. - "Marx and doi
  75. Multinational doi
  76. (1973). Nafzigar,
  77. Nigeria — Who makes what in Nigeria, Lagos, 1984.
  78. Nigeria: Bulletin on Foreign Affairs, vol. 5, Nos. 3 and 4, Lagos, August/December 1975.
  79. (1973). Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry Decree
  80. (1974). Nigerian Enterprises Promotion (amendment)
  81. (1973). Nigerian Enterprises Promotion (amendment) Decree
  82. (1977). Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Act
  83. Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Board - Progress Reports on the Implementation of the 1977 Decree. Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Board - Filed ciompany Inspection Reports. Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Committee,
  84. (1977). Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decree
  85. Nigerian Government
  86. Nigerian Government - Labour Decree 1974, Decree
  87. (1971). Nigerian Standards Organisation Decree
  88. O. - "Indigenisation: probing the irregularities",
  89. of doi
  90. (1974). Official Publications Central Bank of Nigeria -
  91. Ogbuagu, doi
  92. Oil and Nigeria's Economic Development",
  93. Oil and Nigerian Foreign Policy",
  94. Onimode, B.
  95. Oyediran, O. (editor) - The Nigerian 1979 Elections (Macmillan, London) 1981.
  96. P.F. doi
  97. P.T.
  98. (1970). Patents and Designs Decree
  99. Press
  100. Press, doi
  101. (1958). Report of the Advisory Committee on Aid to African Businessmen,
  102. (1964). Report of the Commission on the Review of Wages, Salary and Conditions of Service of the Junior Employees of the Government of the Federation and in Private Establishments, Minority Report,
  103. (1959). Report of the Committee appointed to advise on Ways and Means of Fostering a Share Market in Nigeria, Federal government printers,
  104. (1957). Report of the Tribunal appointed to inquire into allegations reflecting on the
  105. Rweyemamu, J.F. (editor) - Industrialisation and Income Distribution
  106. Sanwo, P. - "Indigenisation: how has it worked?", African Development, March 1975.
  107. Shaw,
  108. The doi
  109. (1979). The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, doi
  110. (1976). The Federal Military government's views on the Report of Industrial Panel,
  111. (1977). the Federal Republic of Nigeria doi
  112. The Federation
  113. (1958). The Industrial Development Income Tax Relief Ordinance,
  114. (1971). The Industrial Training Fund Decree
  115. The Labour Unity Front doi
  116. The Nigerian Stock Exchange Handbook, vol. 2, 1984.
  117. (1969). The Report on the Reorganisation of the Dock-Labour Industry in Nigerian Ports - 1969, Federal Ministry of Economic Development
  118. (1977). Trade Disputes (Amendment) Decree
  119. (1977). Trade Unions (Disqualification of Certain Persons) Decree
  120. University
  121. V. Nigerian doi
  122. VI. Magazines Africa (London) African Business (London) African Business Review (London) Africa Now (London) Afriscope (London) Concord Weekly (Concord
  123. W.E. doi
  124. Walden,
  125. Widstrand, C. (editor) - Multinational Firms in Africa doi
  126. Zieman, W. and Lanzenddrfer, M. - "The State in Peripheral Societies", Socialist Register, 1977.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.