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Examination of the distribution of the bioreductive drug AQ4N and its active metabolite AQ4 in solid tumours by imaging matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry

By S.J. Atkinson, Paul M. Loadman, Chris W. Sutton, Laurence H. Patterson and M.R. Clench

Abstract

noAQ4N (banoxatrone) (1,4-bis-{[2-(dimethylamino-N-oxide)ethyl]amino}-5,8-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione) is an example of a bioreductive prodrug in clinical development. In hypoxic cells AQ4N is reduced to the topoisomerase II inhibitor AQ4 (1,4-bis- {[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amino}-5,8-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione). By inhibition of topoisomerase II within these hypoxic areas, AQ4N has been shown to sensitise tumours to existing chemo- and radiotherapy treatments. In this study the distribution of AQ4N and AQ4 in treated H460 human tumour xenografts has been examined by imaging matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry. Images of the distribution of AQ4N and AQ4 have been produced that show little overlap. The distribution of ATP in the tumour xenografts was also studied as an endogenous marker of regions of hypoxia since concentrations of ATP are known to be decreased in these regions. The distribution of ATP was similar to that of AQ4N, i.e. in regions of abundant ATP there was no evidence of conversion of AQ4N into AQ4. This indicates that the cytotoxic metabolite AQ4 is confined to hypoxic regions of the tumour as intended

Topics: Mass spectrometry, AQ4N, Bioreductive prodrug, Anti-tumor activity, Chemotherapy, MALDI-MSI
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1002/rcm.2952
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/4572
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
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