This essay analyzes the transcript of Lawrence Summers\u27 remarks to the January 14 Conference on Diversifying the Science and Engineering Workforce. The purpose of a close textual analysis is to develop understanding of the firestorm unleashed by Summers\u27 remarks. Which aspects of his remarks were so incendiary and what can be learned from them? In particular, the essay explores possible sources of Summers\u27 stated hypotheses about gender differences that contribute to women\u27s underrepresentation in certain fields. It also explores the material consequences of these hypotheses in women\u27s lives to highlight the interconnection between such beliefs and discriminatory behavior. The overall goal of this analysis is to contribute to a broader and deeper understanding of the relationships between gender, culture, and work and to promote a responsible approach to both diversity discourse and diversity itself
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