Location of Repository

A Jury of One: Opinion Formation, Conformity, and Dissent on Juries

By Nicole L. Waters and Valerie P. Hans


Approximately 6 percent of criminal juries hang. But, how many dissenters carry the jury, hang the jury, or conform to the majority’s wishes? This article examines the formation of individual verdict preferences, the impact of deliberation, and the role of the dissenter using data from nearly 3,500 jurors who decided felony cases. Jurors were asked: “If it were entirely up to you as a one-person jury, what would your verdict have been in this case?” Over one-third of jurors, privately, would have voted against their jury’s decision. Analyses identify the characteristics of jurors who dissent, and distinguish dissenters who hang the jury from dissenters who acquiesce. Deliberation procedures, juror role expectations, their evidentiary views, and their sense of fairness affected the likelihood of dissent. Contrary to previous research, deliberations play a vital role in generating juror consensus and shed new light on the debate over the requirement that juries be unanimous in their verdict

Topics: jury, decision making, criminal, deliberations, verdict, Criminal Law and Procedure, Criminal Law
Publisher: Scholarship@Cornell Law: A Digital Repository
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:scholarship.law.cornell.edu:lsrp_papers-1113
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://scholarship.law.cornell... (external link)
  • http://scholarship.law.cornell... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.