[[abstract]]老年照顧的研究焦點集中於兩大面向，一是要在哪裡接受照顧（where），另一則是由誰來提供照顧（who）。檢視國內外文獻，家庭照顧皆是照顧的主要來源，而該現象在亞洲強調儒家傳統的國家更為顯著。從文化觀點而言，照顧老人的角色與責任是依據個人的性別與其在家庭的地位而被分派，唯有對於文化背景有進一步的瞭解與認識，透過此一脈絡解釋老化經驗形成的影響機制，並深入瞭解文化對於照顧接受者與提供者雙方之影響，方能完整呈現老人照顧的多元差異。我國與日俱增的外籍家庭監護工與外籍配偶擔任照顧者的比例已明顯影響我國照顧勞務的供給方式，實有必要呈現老人照顧的多元差異樣貌，並探討多元差異形成的影響相關因素。研究期程預定為三年，擬採用多元研究方式，結合質化與量化方法進行資料的蒐集，第三年則以執行實驗方案為主，分析家庭照顧決策的歷程與照顧現況，期能對於照顧責任論的理論形成與實證資料有所貢獻，以及研議多元的家庭支持介入策略，。 In research of aging care, where to get and who to provide the care given are two aspects of research focus. As indicted in the literature, family care is the main source of the need, especially in Asian societies with emphasis on Confucianism. From the cultural perspective family member who should take care of the aging people is dependent on his or her status in the family. Therefore, it is necessary to realize cultural background of the society for care-giver and care-taker, and how it influences aging people. Therefore, we could correctly visualize differences between multiple factors for aging care. Although the increase of migrant domestic workers and foreign spouses has seriously affected and changed the way for providing care, it is still necessary to profile the differences of aging care in multiple dimensions. This is a three-year project. We will use both qualitative and quantitative research methods for data collection and analysis. In the third year, we plan to proceed with experimental cases by analyzing decision making and processes for home care. Contribution to the theories and empirical evidence for home care and responsibility is highly expected
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