Location of Repository

Change, rigidity & delay in the UK system of land-use development control

By Michael Ball and Philip Michael Allmendinger


The British system of development control is time-consuming and uncertain in outcome. Moreover, it is becoming increasingly overloaded as it has gradually switched away from being centred on a traditional ‘is it an appropriate land-use?’ type approach to one based on multi-faceted inspections of projects and negotiations over the distribution of the potential financial gains arising from them. Recent policy developments have centred on improving the operation of development control. This paper argues that more fundamental issues may be a stake as well. Important market changes have increased workloads. Furthermore, the UK planning system's institutional framework encourages change to move in specific directions, which is not always helpful. If expectations of increased long-term housing supply are to be met more substantial changes to development control may be essential but hard to achieve

Publisher: University of Reading
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:centaur.reading.ac.uk:27007

Suggested articles



  1. (1993). A method for routine monitoring of the aerial migration of insects by using a vertical-looking radar.
  2. (2008). A radar study of emigratory flight and layer formation by insects at dawn over southern Britain.
  3. (2005). Airborne radar observations of the flight behavior of small insects in the atmospheric convective boundary layer. doi
  4. (2004). An aerial netting study of insects migrating at high-altitude over England.
  5. (1997). An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology.
  6. (1997). Behavior and ecological genetics of wind-borne migration by insects. doi
  7. (1975). Characteristic distributions of angel echoes in the lower atmosphere and their meteorological implications.
  8. (2002). Development of vertical-looking radar technology for monitoring insect migration.
  9. (1964). Diurnal periodicity of flight by insects.
  10. (2008). Does a ‘turbophoretic’ effect account for layer concentrations of insects migrating in the stable night-time atmosphere?
  11. (1993). Field Guide: Insects of Britain and Northern Europe (3rd edition). 320 pp. +60 colour plates.
  12. (1994). Flying in the face of change: the Rothamsted Insect Survey.
  13. (2005). High altitude windborne transport of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and other moths in mid summer in northern China.
  14. (2002). High-altitude migration of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella to the U.K.: a study using radar, aerial netting and ground trapping.
  15. (2007). Increased migration of Lepidoptera linked to climate change.
  16. (1974). Insect migration, flight periodicity and the boundary layer.
  17. (1995). Insect Migration: Tracking Resources through Space and Time.
  18. (1993). Managing migratory insect pests—a review.
  19. (2005). Mass aerial migration in the carabid beetle Notiophilus biguttatus.
  20. (1969). Migration and Dispersal of Insects by Flight. doi
  21. (2002). Migration des le´pidopte`res nocturnes: observations au col du GrandSaint-Bernard. Revue Suisse d’Agriculture
  22. (1997). Migration ecology of the black cutworm.
  23. (1969). Migration of Laphygma exigua Hu¨bner (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) to the British Isles in relation to large-scale weather systems.
  24. (1983). Observations of the flight behaviour of the armyworm moth, Spodoptera exempta, at an emergence site using radar and infra-red optical techniques.
  25. (1993). Phenotypic plasticity and geographical variation in the pre-reproductive period of Autographa gamma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its implications for migration in this species. doi
  26. (1999). Possible migration of Noctua pronuba (L.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) at Lizard Point, doi
  27. (2003). Radar observations of the autumn migration of the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and other moths in northern China.
  28. (1989). Radar observations of the spring migration into northeastern China of the oriental High-altitude moth migration 533 armyworm moth, Mythimna separata and other insects.
  29. (2005). Radar studies of the vertical distribution of insects migrating over southern Britain: the influence of temperature inversions on nocturnal layer concentrations.
  30. (1990). Recent airborne radar observations of migrant pests in the United States. doi
  31. (2006). Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex.
  32. (2004). Spring migration and summer dispersal of Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and other insects observed with radar in northern China.
  33. (1961). The analysis of numbers and distribution in an aerial population of Macrolepidoptera.
  34. (2007). The biometeorology of high-altitude insect layers.
  35. (1939). The distribution of insects, spiders and mites in the air. 150 pp.
  36. (1989). The ecology of Heliothis species in relation to agroecosystems. doi
  37. (1994). The formation of layer concentrations by migrating insects.
  38. (1997). The gravitational settling of particulates: towards a parameterisation for the ‘NAME’ dispersion model.
  39. (1988). The influence of atmospheric structure and motions on insect migration.
  40. (2006). The influence of the atmospheric boundary layer on nocturnal layers of moths migrating over southern Britain. doi
  41. (2006). The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses.
  42. (1988). The Rothamsted Insect Survey 12-metre suction trap.
  43. (1948). The Rothamsted light trap.
  44. (2000). The use of vertical-looking radar to continuously monitor the insect fauna flying at altitude over southern England.
  45. (1984). The vertical distribution of macro-insects migrating in the nocturnal boundary layer: a radar study.
  46. (2003). Verticallooking radar: a new tool for monitoring high-altitude insect migration.
  47. (2008). Wind selection and drift compensation optimise migratory pathways in a high-flying moth.
  48. (1982). Windborne Pests and Diseases:

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.