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The role of ischemic preconditioning at the gracilis muscle of rats in the early phase of reperfusion injury

By Webster Ronaldo Scholze, Montero Edna Frasson Souza, Fagundes Djalma José, Zettler Cláudio Galleano and Coiro José


PURPOSE: Verify the role of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in ischemia and reperfusion injury on gracilis muscle of rats. METHODS: Wistar rats (n=30) were distributed in three groups, I/R and IPC groups were subdivided concerning ischemia time. A near-amputation model of the posterior limb was produced by a hip joint level incision, preserving the vascular bundle and the femur bone and ischemia was induced for 2h and 4h, G-I 2h/R (n=6) and G-I 4h/R (n=6), followed by 1h of vascular reperfusion. The preconditioned groups, G-PCI 2h (n=6) and G-PCI 4h (n=6), were preceded by 3 cycles of 5min of ischemia followed by 5min of vascular reperfusion before sustained ischemia. In the Control Group, C-G (n=6) animals were subjected to regional approach. The analysis was done with Light Microscopy (LM). RESULTS: The levels of fibril fragmentation were progressive in the G-I 2h/R (67% of muscle preservation) and in the G-I4 h/R (0% of muscle preservation). However in the group of the precondition the lesion degree being in level similar to the group controls in the G-I 2h/R (100% of muscle preservation) while at G-I 4h/r occur less protection (67% of muscle preservation). The degree of tissue inflammatory reaction was worst at G-I 4h/R (0% without inflammation signals) than at G-I 2h/R (50% without inflammation signals); while in the precondition group G-IPC-2h (83% without inflammation signals) was better than the G-IPC-4h (67% without inflammation signals). The vascular stasis was absent only in 17% of the G-I 4h/R and in 33% of the G-I 2h/R. In precondition group, however, the vascular stasis was absent in 33% at G-IPC 2h and absent in 50% at G-IPC 4h. CONCLUSION: The IPC showed, in an earlier phase, a benefic role at I/R derived injury on gracilis muscle of rats, as proven for the largest preservation of the fibers muscular, smaller inflammatory reaction and smaller vascular stasis

Topics: Reperfusion Injury, Reperfusion, Skeletal, Muscle, Transplants, Rats, Surgery, RD1-811, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Surgery, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Year: 2006
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