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Effect of acute nitric oxide synthase inhibition in the modulation of heart rate in rats

By Fellet A.L., Di Verniero C., Arza P., Tomat A., Varela A., Arranz C. and Balaszczuk A.M.

Abstract

Acute nitric oxide synthase inhibition with N G-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) on chronotropic and pressor responses was studied in anesthetized intact rats and rats submitted to partial and complete autonomic blockade. Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored intra-arterially. Intravenous L-NAME injection (7.5 mg/kg) elicited the same hypertensive response in intact rats and in rats with partial (ganglionic and parasympathetic blockade) and complete autonomic blockade (38 ± 3, 55 ± 6, 54 ± 5, 45 ± 5 mmHg, respectively; N = 9, P = NS). L-NAME-induced bradycardia at the time when blood pressure reached the peak plateau was similar in intact rats and in rats with partial autonomic blockade (43 ± 8, 38 ± 5, 46 ± 6 bpm, respectively; N = 9, P = NS). Rats with combined autonomic blockade showed a tachycardic response to L-NAME (10 ± 3 bpm, P<0.05 vs intact animals, N = 9). Increasing doses of L-NAME (5.0, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg, N = 9) caused a similar increase in blood pressure (45 ± 5, 38 ± 3, 44 ± 9 mmHg, respectively; P = NS) and heart rate (31 ± 4, 34 ± 3, 35 ± 4 bpm, respectively; P = NS). Addition of L-NAME (500 µM) to isolated atria from rats killed by cervical dislocation and rats previously subjected to complete autonomic blockade did not affect spontaneous beating or contractile strength (N = 9). In vivo results showed that L-NAME promoted a tachycardic response in rats with complete autonomic blockade, whereas the in vitro experiments showed no effect on intrinsic heart rate, suggesting that humoral mechanisms may be involved in the L-NAME-induced cardiac response

Topics: Nitric oxide, Nitric oxide synthase, Autonomic nervous system, Heart rate, Heart, Biology (General), QH301-705.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Medicine (General), R5-920, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:45200482657743f4bdc87e1a7627be17
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