Phytosociological structure was studied in limestone mining quarries at Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil. Quarries presented a chronosequence, ranging 1 to 40 years old, with focus on vegetation community organization, floristic similarity and plant diversity of three areas in different successive stages, devastated by limestone mining. A total of 1957 individuals distributed in 32 botanical families and 91 species were sampled. Low species diversity was obtained, ranged among quarries ages. In the early-established quarries, Leguminosae, Malvaceae and Sterculiaceae were the families most representative in number of species, while for the age 27, Asteraceae and Poaceae were the most representative. Diversity indices indicated that species diversity changed with the time and was function of environmental conditions
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