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Growth, carcass characteristics, chemical composition and fatty acid profile of the longissimus dorsi muscle in goat kids fed diets with castor oil

By Michelle de Oliveira Maia, Ivanete Susin, Alexandre Vaz Pires, Renato Shinkai Gentil, Evandro Maia Ferreira, Clayton Quirino Mendes and Severino Matias de Alencar

Abstract

The objective in this study was to determine growth, carcass characteristics, chemical composition and fatty acid profile of the longissimus dorsi of crossbred Boer × Saanen kids fed castor oil. Twenty-four kids (12 males and 12 females) were assigned in a randomized complete block design with two treatments and twelve replications. Blocks were defined according to weight, gender and initial age of animals for the evaluation of performance. The experimental treatments consisted of two diets containing 900 g concentrate/kg: a control diet (without addition of oil) and another containing castor oil at 30 g/kg (on a dry matter basis). After they reached an average body weight of 25 kg, males were slaughtered for the evaluation of carcass characteristics, chemical composition and fatty acid profile of the longissimus dorsi muscle. The addition of castor oil in the diet did not affect the intake of dry matter, crude protein and neutral detergent fiber; the average daily gain; and feed conversion, but increased the ether extract intake. No difference was observed for the carcass characteristics, chemical composition of the meat, concentration of C18:2 cis-9, trans-11 (CLA) and total concentration of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids and their relations; however, there was increase in the concentrations of C18:2 trans-10, cis-12 (CLA) and C20:4 ω-6. The addition of castor oil to the diet of crossbred Boer × Saanen kids containing a high content of concentrate did not promote benefit to the characteristics evaluated

Topics: conjugated linoleic acid, feedlot, lipid supplementation, Animal culture, SF1-1100, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Animal Sciences, DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1516-35982012001100007
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:83838627168a468d88879bfd91327f30
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