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Host characteristics do not affect community structure of ectoparasites on the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (L., 1758) (Mammalia: Chiroptera)

By Moura Mauricio O, Bordignon Marcelo O and Graciolli Gustavo

Abstract

Patterns of parasite abundance and prevalence are thought to be influenced by several host characteristics such as size, sex, developmental stage, and seasonality. We examined two obligatory ectoparasites of the bat Noctilio leporinus (L.) (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae) to test whether prevalence and abundance of Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel and Paradyschiria fusca Speiser (Diptera, Streblidae) are influenced by the host characteristics. During this survey, 2110 flies were collected. The total abundance was 1150 N. aitkeni and 950 P. fusca. The prevalence of both species was shown to be superior to 75% and neither host size, sex, reproductive stage nor season influenced significantly the variation of the observed values. N. aitkeni were more abundant than P. fusca in all seasons except winter. Both flies showed a significant seasonal variation in terms of abundance but host biological characteristics (host size, sex, and reproductive stage) did not play a significant role as structuring factors of the batflies component community

Topics: parasitological index, batfly, component community, Noctilionidae, Streblidae, Microbiology, QR1-502, Science, Q, DOAJ:Microbiology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Special situations and conditions, RC952-1245, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Internal medicine, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:98c4a7edbd9c4822b34eae13ea00a372
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