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Biotechnological potential of alternative carbon sources for production of pectinases by Rhizopus microsporus var. rhizopodiformis

By André Ricardo de Lima Damásio, Alexandre Maller, Tony Márcio da Silva, João Atílio Jorge, Hector Francisco Terenzi and Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli

Abstract

Fungi collected from Brazilian soil and decomposing plants were screened for pectinase production. R. microsporus var. rhizopodiformis was the best producer and was selected to evaluate the pectic enzyme production under several nutritional and environmental conditions. The pectinase production was studied at 40ºC, under 28 carbon sources-supplemented medium. The inducer effect of several agro-industrial residues such as sugar cane bagasse, wheat flour and corncob on polygalacturonase (PG) activity was 4-, 3- and 2-fold higher than the control (pectin). In glucose-medium, a constitutive pectin lyase (PL) activity was detected. The results demonstrated that R. microsporus produced high levels of PG (57.7 U/mg) and PL (88.6 U/mg) in lemon peel-medium. PG had optimum temperature at 65 ºC and was totally stable at 55 ºC for 90 min. Half-life at 70 ºC was 68 min. These results suggested that the versatility of waste carbon sources utilization by R. microsporus, produce pectic enzymes, which could be useful to reduce production costs and environmental impacts related to the waste disposal

Topics: agro industrial residues, lemon peel, pectin lyase, polygalacturonase, R. microsporus var. rhizopodiformis, Biotechnology, TP248.13-248.65, Chemical technology, TP1-1185, Technology, T, DOAJ:Biotechnology, DOAJ:Life Sciences, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná (Tecpar)
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1516-89132011000100019
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:99f10957e5d34d76b4a0e9f7ebde579c
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