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Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis and the expression of selected virulence and pathogenesis genes in response to 6°c, 65°c and ph 2.0

By Radka Pribylova, Petr Kralik, Neysan Donnelly, Jan Matiasovic and Ivo Pavlik

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the expression of selected Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) genes connected with MAP virulence, adhesion and stress response. The temperature of 6°C and 65°C were chosen with regard to the food industry, storage conditions (refrigerator) and low-temperature pasteurization. A pH of 2.0, using lactic acid, was selected to mimic the natural environment of the stomach. Expression of selected genes was studied using real time reverse transcription PCR on three different MAP isolates. MAP isolates were chosen according to the number of their preceding cultivations. While isolates 8672 and 8819 were previously cultivated only once, MAP isolate 12146 went through four passages. Different expression profiles were observed in each of the three MAP isolates. However, particular similar patterns were observed. SigE, sigF and ahpC were up-regulated, while sigL was down-regulated under temperature stress. Mmp gene was found to be down-regulated under acidic conditions. Low passage isolates (8672 and 8819) showed certain level of acid resistance

Topics: MAP, Johne's disease, stress, treatment, real time PCR, Microbiology, QR1-502, Science, Q, DOAJ:Microbiology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1517-83822011000200049
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:bf935883ba7a42bfabadf6a835ff2717
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