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Metakaolin sand – a promising addition for Portland cement

By I. Janotka, F. Puertas, M. Palacios, C. Varga and L. Krajči

Abstract

The kaolin sand resource at the Vyšný Petrovec quarry in Slovakia comes to a total of 20 megatonnes. The metakaolin material obtained by heating kaolin sand at 650 ºC contains from 31.5 to 40% (wt) metakaolinite, as well as illite, muscovite, quartz and feldspar. The aim of this study was to verify whether this calcined sand (MK1) is a pozzolanic material and characterize the cements and mortars prepared with it. The hydration reactions taking place in the blends were assessed with conduction calorimetry, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG). Blend and mortar strength development and pore structure were also evaluated. The results obtained showed that this metakaolin sand (MK-1) is a pozzolanic material apt for use as a cement addition and for making mortars.<br><br>Las reservas de arena caolínica de la cantera eslovaca de Vyšný Petrovec ascienden a un total de 20 millones de toneladas. El material metacaolínico, que resulta al calentar la arena caolínica a 650 ºC, contiene entre un 31,5 y un 40% de metacaolinita, además de ilita, moscovita, cuarzo y feldespato. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido comprobar que esa arena calcinada es un material puzolánico; así como caracterizar los cementos y morteros preparados con dicha arena (MK-1). La hidratación de las mezclas se evaluó mediante calorimetría de conducción, y difracción de rayos X (DRX) y Análisis térmico-diferencial y termogravimétrico (ATD-TG). Se ha evaluado el desarrollo resistente de las mezclas y morteros; así como su estructura porosa. Los resultados obtenidos han demostrado que esa arena metacolínica (MK-1) es un material puzolánico y que podría utilizarse como adición al cemento y en la preparación de morteros

Topics: cement, mortar, metakaolin sand, pozzolanic activity, hydration, cemento, mortero, arena metacaolínica, actividad puzolánica, hidratación, Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials, TA401-492, Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering, TK1-9971, Technology, T, DOAJ:Materials, DOAJ:Technology and Engineering
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:16bae468c55049dc9ac5fa150970f802
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