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POSIBILIDADES Y LÍMITES DE LA UNIVERSIDAD LATINOAMERICANA DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITS OF THE LATIN AMERICAN UNIVERSITY FROM A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

By Claudia Milena Jaramillo

Abstract

La Universidad Latinoamericana se configuró a través de la historia bajo el influjo de diversas fuerzas que le dieron una forma particular dados los contextos específicos donde surgió, en relación con las potencias coloniales, la iglesia, el Estado y el impacto de los diferentes modelos que se establecieron acerca de los propósitos a los que debía atender, definidos por los ingleses, franceses, alemanes y americanos. Pese a los intereses que se ciernen sobre La Universidad Latinoamericana, surgen desde múltiples miradas (las experiencias de México, Perú, Guatemala, Argentina, Chile y Colombia), posibilidades de considerar la idea de estructurar un pensamiento propio, que diera cuenta de una identidad distinta que la separa del discurso eurocentrista y la ubica en una perspectiva de análisis concerniente a las realidades a las que debe hacer frente. En la conformación de la Universidad Latinoamericana se ubican entonces, el pensamiento de Andrés Bello, las ideas de José Vasconcelos y las implicaciones del movimiento de Córdoba, en relación con otros movimientos sociales y estudiantiles con características similares, que convergen en la reflexión acerca de la necesidad de hacer un giro decolonial, no sólo a modo de resistencia, sino de autoconciencia acerca de quiénes somos y cómo cimentar un futuro común, fundamentalmente en esta época cuando la Universidad Latinoamericana enfrenta los embates de la globalización y la aplicación de políticas macroeconómicas que desdibujan su ser social y académico deslegitimándola.Abstract:The Latin American University, throughout history, was shaped under the influence of diverse forces which outlined it in a particular manner, given the specific contexts where it appeared, in relation with colonial powers, the church, the State, and the impact of the different models which were established based on the purposes it had to fulfill, which were defined by the English, the French, the German, and the American people. Despite the interests which hang over the Latin American university, from diverse glances (the experiences of Mexico, Peru, Guatemala, Argentina, Chile, and Colombia) appear possibilities of considering the idea of restructuring an individual thinking which could recount a different identity that separates it from the Euro-centered discourse and places it in a perspective of analysis concerning the realities it has to deal with. In the configuration of the Latin American University, the following can stand out: Andrés Bello’s thought, José Vasconcellos’ ideas, and the implications of the Movement of Cordoba, as for the social and student movements with similar characteristics, which are directed toward the reflection about the need of making a decolonized change, not just as a matter of resistance, but of self-awareness of who we are and how to strengthen a common future. This is especially done in this epoch when the Latin American University is facing the attacks of globalization and the application of macro-economic policies that blur its social and academic being, undermining it

Topics: Universidad Latinoamericana, modelos universitarios, pensamiento Latinoamericano, movimiento de Córdoba, universidad-empresa. Latin American University, University Models, Latin American Thought, Movement of Cordoba, University-Enterprise., Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform, HN1-995, Social Sciences, H, DOAJ:Sociology, DOAJ:Social Sciences
Publisher: Universidad de San Buenaventura
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:b47615d7f5e144a6b3a00c4ea1c141e3
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