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Smuggled or trafficked?

By Jacqueline Bhabha and Monette Zard


The UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (TNC) and its two Protocols on Trafficking and Smuggling, adopted in 2000, seek to distinguish between trafficking and smuggling. In reality these distinctions are often blurred. A more nuanced approach is needed to ensure protection for all those at risk

Topics: forced migration, asylum, refugee, displacement, human, trafficking, smuggling, international law, Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform, HN1-995, Social Sciences, H, DOAJ:Sociology, DOAJ:Social Sciences
Publisher: University of Oxford
Year: 2006
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