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SDPhound, a Mutual Information-Based Method to Investigate Specificity-Determining Positions

By Riccardo Nifosí, Valentina Tozzini, Pietro Amat, Sara Bonella and Walter Rocchia

Abstract

Considerable importance in molecular biophysics is attached to influencing by mutagenesis the specific properties of a protein family. The working hypothesis is that mutating residues at few selected positions can affect specificity. Statistical analysis of homologue sequences can identify putative specificity determining positions (SDPs) and help to shed some light on the peculiarities underlying their functional role. In this work, we present an approach to identify such positions inspired by state of the art mutual information-based SDP prediction methods. The algorithm based on this approach provides a systematic procedure to point at the relevant physical characteristics of putative SPDs and can investigate the effects of correlated mutations. The method is tested on two standard benchmarks in the field and further validated in the context of a biologically interesting problem: the multimerization of the Intrinsically Fluorescent Proteins (IFP)

Topics: specificity determining positions, intrinsically fluorescent proteins, mutual information, Mathematics, QA1-939, Science, Q, DOAJ:Mathematics, DOAJ:Mathematics and Statistics, Industrial engineering. Management engineering, T55.4-60.8, Electronic computers. Computer science, QA75.5-76.95
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.3390/a2020764
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:c319eff984ce4bf78f5ee8c2509eee8c
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