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Los indígenas de Buenos Aires a comienzos del siglo XVIII: los <i>reales pueblos de indios</i> y la declinación de la encomienda

By Carlos María Birocco


During the seventeenth century, infectious diseases, desertion, and intermarriage were taking their toll on the encomiendas of Buenos Aires. At the beginning of the following century, the few indigenous groups that were still subject to the encomienda system were settled in towns by the royal administration and organized according to the mita system. They were thus administered textiles and a diet rich in bovine proteins in order that they might concentrate their efforts more effectively on their mita duties, rather than on their own agricultural efforts.<br><br>Durante el siglo XVII, las encomiendas de buenos aires fueron desapareciendo debido a la incidencia de las enfermedades infecciosas, la fuga y la mestización. A comienzos del siglo siguiente los pocos indígenas encomendados fueron agrupados en pueblos bajo administración real y se los organizó bajo el sistema de mita. En ellos se los sometió al reparto de textiles y a una dieta de proteínas de origen vacuno, a fin de que no distrajeran esfuerzos en la agricultura y se concentraran en el servicio de mita

Topics: Buenos Aires, Royal Indian Towns, Mita system, nutrition, Buenos Aires, reales pueblos de indios, sistema de mita, alimentación, Latin America. Spanish America, F1201-3799, History America, E-F, DOAJ:History, DOAJ:History and Archaeology
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:c78b4273e37b405c91230522d3f3eee6
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