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Review of Topical Treatment of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

By Kenneth G. Nepple, Fadi N. Joudi and Michael A. O'Donnell


A select group of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma may be appropriate candidates for minimally invasive management. Organ-preserving endoscopic procedures may be appropriate for patients with an inability to tolerate major surgery, solitary kidney, bilateral disease, poor renal function, small tumor burden, low-grade disease, or carcinoma in situ. We review the published literature on the use of topical treatment for upper tract urothelial carcinoma and provide our approach to treatment in the office setting

Topics: Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology, RC870-923
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1155/2009
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