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"El cuento ficticio": la especularidad como expresión de la vanguardia hispanoamericana "The fictitious short story": metafiction as an expression of Spanish American Avant-Garde

By Margarita Figueroa and Rosaura Sánchez Vega

Abstract

El objetivo de este estudio es examinar el funcionamiento de la especularidad o metaficción en la cual se concentra "El cuento ficticio" (1927) de Julio Garmendia para determinar que su especularidad es una expresión de la vanguardia hispanoamericana de las décadas del veinte y treinta o primera vanguardia. Primeramente, se estudia el texto de Garmendia como modelo de especularidad vanguardista por cuanto responde a la ruptura con la tradición realista y al experimentalismo. Experimentalismo de la estructura especular de "El cuento ficticio" porque se vale de un discurso expositivo en tiempo presente y futuro que sustituye el discurso narrativo en tiempo pasado como forma verbal característica de la narración (Weinrich). En la última parte, el texto de Garmendia se relaciona con novelas hispanoamericanas de la primera vanguardia que presentan la misma estructura especular. El texto de Garmendia es el primer relato especular hispanoamericano que responde a las innovaciones vanguardistas derivadas de la especularidad presente en novelas hispanoamericanas vanguardistas.<br>The objective of this study is to analyze how metafiction, on which Julio Garmendia’s "El cuento ficticio" (1927) is concentrated, works in order to determine that its metafiction is an expression of the Spanish American Avant-Garde of the twenties and thirties, or first Avant-Garde. Firstly, Garmendia’s text is studied as a model of avant-garde metafiction because it responds to the breaking with the realist tradition and to experimentalism. Experimentalism of the metafictional structure of "El cuento ficticio" because it uses an expositive discourse in the present and future tenses that replaces the narrative discourse in the past tense as a verbal form which characterizes narration (Weinrich). In the last part, Garmendia’s text is related to the Spanish American first avant-garde novels that have the same metafictional structure. Garmendia’s text is the first Spanish American metafictional short story that responds to avant-garde innovations, deriving from the metafiction which appears in Spanish American avant-garde novels

Topics: Especularidad o metaficción, vanguardia, ruptura de la tradición, experimentalismo, Metafiction, avant-garde, breaking of tradition, experimentalism, Language and Literature, P, DOAJ:Languages and Literatures, Social sciences (General), H1-99, Social Sciences, H, DOAJ:Social Sciences, History of scholarship and learning. The humanities, AZ20-999
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica Nacional
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:0778422ecfe84c1bb7fd528f0a81e024
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