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Impact of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on the quality of life of type 1 diabetes mellitus patients Impacto do transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas sobre a qualidade de vida de pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 1

By Manoel Antônio dos Santos, Amanda Ferraz Salomé Silva, Érika Arantes de Oliveira-Cardoso, Ana Paula Mastropietro and Júlio César Voltarelli

Abstract

The present study aimed at assessing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study is part of a pioneering research protocol which tests the applicability of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as a new therapeutic approach to DM1. The study was conducted on 14 patients admitted to the ward of the Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit of a university hospital during the period from October 2006 to December 2007. The patients were evaluated at admission and on the occasion of the ambulatory return visit 100 days after transplantation. They answered the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire and the data were analyzed according to literature recommendations. The results showed that 100 days after transplantation the value of the patients' quality of life was higher compared to the pre-HSCT value, with significant differences in the Physical Domains (Role Limitations due to Physical Problems) (p = .009), Vitality (p = .02) and Mental Health (p = .04), demonstrating significant appreciation of those domains after the procedure. The results indicate an improvement in HRQoL after HSCT. The SF-36 proved to be a useful instrument for the assessment of quality of life in patients with DM1 submitted to HSCT.<br>Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) de pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) submetidos ao Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas (TCTH). O estudo é parte de um protocolo de pesquisa pioneiro no mundo, que testa a aplicabilidade do TCTH como nova abordagem terapêutica no DM1. Foram investigados 14 pacientes, que constituíram a população de pessoas internadas na enfermaria da Unidade de Transplante de Medula Óssea de um hospital universitário, no período de outubro de 2006 a dezembro de 2007. Os pacientes foram avaliados na admissão e no retorno ambulatorial 100 dias pós-transplante com o questionário de qualidade de vida SF-36. Os resultados mostraram que, 100 dias após o transplante, a qualidade de vida apresentou valores superiores ao pré-TCTH, com diferenças significantes nos Aspectos Físicos (p = 0,009), Vitalidade (p = 0,02) e Saúde Mental (p = 0,04), evidenciando significativa apreciação nesses domínios após o procedimento. Os resultados sugerem que houve melhora na QVRS pós-TCTH

Topics: Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1, Qualidade de Vida, Transplante de Medula Óssea, Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Quality of Life, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Psychology, BF1-990, Philosophy. Psychology. Religion, B, DOAJ:Psychology, DOAJ:Social Sciences
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000200007
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:00fd8572a02e46aab10603b40f91835d
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