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Dissecting the determinants of depressive disorders outcome: an in depth analysis of two clinical cases

By Oasi Osmano, Calati Raffaella, Serretti Alessandro, De Ronchi Diana and Colombo Cristina

Abstract

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Clinicians face everyday the complexity of depression. Available pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies improve patients suffering in a large part of subjects, however up to half of patients do not respond to treatment. Clinicians may forecast to a good extent if a given patient will respond or not, based on a number of data and sensations that emerge from face to face assessment. Conversely, clinical predictors of non response emerging from literature are largely unsatisfactory.</p> <p>Here we try to fill this gap, suggesting a comprehensive assessment of patients that may overcome the limitation of standardized assessments and detecting the factors that plausibly contribute to so marked differences in depressive disorders outcome.</p> <p>For this aim we present and discuss two clinical cases. Mr. A was an industrial manager who came to psychiatric evaluation with a severe depressive episode. His employment was demanding and the depressive episode undermined his capacity to manage it. Based on standardized assessment, Mr. A condition appeared severe and potentially dramatic. Mrs. B was a housewife who came to psychiatric evaluation with a moderate depressive episode. Literature predictors would suggest Mrs. B state as associated with a more favourable outcome.</p> <p>However the clinician impression was not converging with the standardized assessment and in fact the outcome will reverse the prediction based on the initial formal standard evaluation.</p> <p>Although the present report is based on two clinical cases and no generalizability is possible, a more detailed analysis of personality, temperament, defense mechanisms, self esteem, intelligence and social adjustment may allow to formalize the clinical impressions used by clinicians for biologic and pharmacologic studies.</p

Topics: Psychiatry, RC435-571, Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, RC346-429, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Psychiatry, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: BioMed Central
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1186/1744-859X-6-5
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:12a66b227b054973b9577cf91ab43766
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