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First observation of mesospheric wind shear as high as 330 m s<sup>&#x2212;1</sup> km<sup>&#x2212;1</sup>

By D. Offermann, H.-U. Widdel and Y.-F. Wu


Mesospheric wind profiles with an altitude resolution of 25 m have been obtained by means of radar tracking of foil chaff clouds. Such experiments were performed during winter 1990 at Biscarrosse, France (44<sup>°</sup>N, 1<sup>°</sup>W). On one flight, a wind shear as high as 330 m s<sup>–1</sup> km<sup>–1</sup> at 87.4 km and a region of dynamical instability between 86 and 88 km was measured. This wind shear is believed to be the largest value ever measured in the mesosphere. The region of dynamical instability results from a superposition of two wave motions, and is found to link well with enhanced turbulence and small-scale wave activity

Topics: Geophysics. Cosmic physics, QC801-809, Physics, QC1-999, Science, Q, DOAJ:Geophysics and Geomagnetism, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
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