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Evaluation of mechanical properties of Z250 composite resin light-cured by different methods Avaliação de propriedades mecânicas da resina composta Z250 fotoativada com diferentes métodos

By Andresa Carla Obici, Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti, Lourenço Correr-Sobrinho, Mário Fernando de Góes and Simonides Consani

Abstract

This study evaluated some mechanical parameters of Z250 composite resin using different light-curing methods. Ten specimens were prepared for each mechanical test group with different dimensions according to the test. Light-curing was performed by: a). continuous light (800mW/cm²-40s); b). exponential light (0-800mW/cm²-40s); c). intermittent light (2s-600mW/cm²; 2s without light-80s); d). stepped light (10s-150mW/cm²; 30s-650mW/cm²); e). PAC (1320mW/cm²-3s); f). LED (350mW/cm²-40s). After 24 &plusmn; 1 h, the specimens were loaded at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. The mechanical properties were calculated and analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). The results showed that the highest compressive strength values were found for the continuous, exponential, intermittent and stepped light methods, whereas PAC and LED obtained the lowest values. LED, stepped light, PAC, exponential and continuous light presented the highest values for diametral tensile strength. The intermittent light showed the lowest value, which was significantly lower than the value obtained for LED only. Flexural strength results were not significantly different between all light-curing methods. Finally, the highest modulus of elasticity values were obtained for LED, exponential, continuous and intermittent light, whereas PAC and stepped light showed the lowest values. The mechanical properties were affected by light-curing methods employed.<br>Este estudo avaliou algumas propriedades mecânicas da resina composta Z250 usando diferentes métodos de fotoativação. Dez amostras foram preparadas para cada grupo, com diferentes dimensões de acordo com o ensaio. Os métodos de fotoativação foram: a) luz contínua (800mW/cm²-40s); b) luz exponencial (0-800mW/cm²-40s); c) luz intermitente (2s-600mW/cm²; 2s sem luz-80s); d) dupla intensidade (10s-150mW/cm²; 30s-650mW/cm²); e) PAC (1320mW/cm²-3s); f) LED (350mW/cm²-40s). Após 24 &plusmn; 1 h, as amostras foram carregadas até fraturar (v=0,5 mm/min.). As propriedades mecânicas foram calculadas e os dados analisados estatisticamente (ANOVA e teste de Tukey 5%). Os resultados mostraram que, para resistência à compressão, os maiores valores foram encontrados com os métodos luz contínua, intermitente, exponencial e dupla intensidade, enquanto que PAC e LED obtiveram os menores valores. Os métodos LED, PAC, luz contínua, exponencial e dupla intensidade, mostraram os maiores valores para resistência à tração diametral, enquanto luz intermitente mostrou os menores valores, que diferiram apenas do LED. Para a resistência flexural, não houve diferença entre os métodos. Já, para o módulo de elasticidade, os maiores valores foram obtidos com LED, luz exponencial, contínua e intermitente, enquanto que PAC e dupla intensidade mostraram os menores valores. As propriedades mecânicas podem ser afetadas pelo método de fotativação utilizado

Topics: Resinas compostas, Fotoativação, Resistência à compressão, Tração diametral, Flexão, Módulo de elasticidade, Composite resins, Light-curing methods, Compressive strength, Diametral tensile strength, Flexural strength, Modulus of elasticity, Dentistry, RK1-715, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Dentistry, DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: University of São Paulo
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S1678-77572005000400015
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:20480827c94b4876bc7aa182a30f5035
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